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Ohio Geography

Ohio Geography

Basic Facts

  • Geographical Region: Midwest
  • Size: 44828 sq.mi., 34th rank overall.
  • Admitted to Statehood: March 1, 1803
  • Population: 11,542,645;7th rank overall.
  • Capital: Columbus
  • Other Major City: Cleveland
  • Abbreviation: OH

Fun Facts

  • Nickname: Buckeye State
  • State Flag: Click Here (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Bird: Cardinal (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Flower: Scarlet Carnation (opens window to 50states.com)

Geographical Description

  • The northern and western parts of Ohio that were occupied by glaciers during the Ice Age are fairly level or gently rolling. On the other hand, steep ridges, hills, and shaded valleys are found in the southeastern section of the state that was not covered by glaciers.
  • The Till Plains occupy the western section of Ohio.
  • The Glaciated Allegheny Plateaus occupy the northeastern part of the state.
  • The Allegheny Plateaus occupy the southeastern portion of the state.

Map: Relief Map of OH


Clays, salt, transportation equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery, oil, coal, food processing, electric equipment


Soybeans, hay, dairy products, corn, tomatoes, wheat, hogs, cattle, poultry and eggs.

Other Information

Fun Facts:

  • Seven United States presidents were born in Ohio. They are: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William H. Taft, and Warren G. Harding.
  • Established in 1833, the first interracial and coeducational college in the U.S. was Oberlin College.
  • In 1891, John Lambert made America's first automobile in Ohio City.
  • Ohio comes from the Iroquois word meaning "great river."
  • Cincinnati established the first ambulance service in 1865.

More Fun Facts: http://www.50states.com/facts/ohio.htm



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