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6th Grade Science Standards (Prior)

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6th Grade Science Skills
Prior Standards Implementation


(5th Grade) 6th Grade Science Skills (7th Grade)

Sections:

Life Science | Earth Science | Physical Science
For other resources, refer to our Elementary Science page
Page last edited 2/27/2009

Please go to Current 6th Grade Science Standards for current resources.

Return to Grade Level Help.

**GREAT TOOLS:
The Exploratorium - Explore hundreds of science, art, and human perception exhibits along with hands-on science projects, on-line science activities, science news and magazines. This unique museum was founded in 1969 by noted physicist and educator Dr. Frank Oppenheimer.

Science Toy Maker - A non-commercial, teacher-created site for people who like to roll up their sleeves and make fun, mysterious science toys and projects that entice scientific investigation.
.

A resource for the teacher to use in planning their lessonsa site for teachers | A PowerPoint show related to this standard a PowerPoint show | An Adobe Acrobat document in .pdf format Adobe Acrobat document | A Microsoft Word document to be downloaded a Word document This resource includes voice instructions for studentssound | A video is available through this link video format | Interactiveinteractive lesson | This site includes questions for your students to check their understandinga quiz | A lesson plan can be found at this site lesson plan | This link includes something for the teacher to printto print
Life Science Standards
Interactions Between Living Things and Their Environment
6.2.1 | 6.2.2 | 6.2.3
SPI's& Reporting Categories
( based on Tennessee Benchmarks )
Internet Resources
Recognize how animals and plants are interdependent.
6.2.1
IL
  1. Habitats/Biomes - complex communities of interdependent organisms
  2. Interdependence - lesson plan for discovering what makes a balanced ecosystem
  3. Interdependence and Adaptation - [ designed for 5-6 UK standards ] interactive site from BBC
  4. Plant Life for Children - lesson plan designed to teach about Plant & Animal Interdependency [designed for K-4, but can be modified] This is an Adobe Acrobat document
Distinguish between commensalism, parasitism, and mutualism.
6.2.2
IL
  1. Good Buddies - activity for students [ horrible background ]
  2. Introduction to Symbiosis - includes an overlapping Venn diagram
  3. Predation, Parasitism, Commensalism, and Mutualism in the Garden and in the Community
  4. Symbiosis - most of the interactions between species involve food
  5. Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism
  6. Symbiosis: Living Together - assignment for student and information for teachers - written by C. Rhein of Hazelwood Central
  7. This is a PowerPoint show Types of ecological interactions - a slide show with a large number of images
Predict whether an organism can survive in a particular ecosystem.
6.2.3
IL
  1. Animal Adaptations - lesson plan designed to expand students’ knowledge of animal features and behaviors that can help or hinder their survival in a particular habitat
    1. Animal Adaptations Worksheet This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  2. Biomes in a Box - students are asked to build a three-dimensional model of a biome in a box
  3. Build a Fish - Build a Fish by choosing a body, mouth, and color/pattern, and then release it into the reef! In the process you will learn about adaptations that help the fish survive in their environment. Interactive
  4. Unique Plants of the Biomes - lesson plan from Discovery School
Food Production and Energy for Life
6.3.1 | 6.3.2 | 6.3.3
Identify how organisms obtain food for energy.
6.3.1
FP
  1. Energy and Ecosystems - lesson plan from Annenberg
  2. Food Chains and Food Web s - What's for dinner? from Enchanted Learning
  3. Forest Food Webs - lesson plan frolm Discovery Education
  4. Interesting Facts About Food Chains - a brief description of the food chains and food webs in an ecosystem
  5. Predator/Prey Relationship - an interactive investigation from McGraw Hill Interactive
  6. Working on the Food Chain - interactive site Interactive
Classify organisms as producers, consumers, or decomposers in a food chain or food web.
6.3.2
FP
  1. Interdependence and Adaptation - Use this BBC interactive site to review living things, then take a quiz about interdependence and the food web Interactive
  2. Food Chains - an interactive site from the BBC Interactive
  3. Welcome to Biology 2002 - This college level PowerPoint show has some great images. Save the show, throw out the college content and modify the show for your classroom.
Infer the consequences of a change in the population size of an organism in a food chain or food web.
6.3.3
FP
  1. Experiment with a Pond Food Web - change various population sizes to see what affect the change has Interactive
  2. Food Chain - National Geographic for Kids has a featured Quick Flick from Brain Pop on the subject.
  3. Food Chains and Webs - Information regarding population size on food webs is presented here. After learning about food webs, select the link named " create a possible food web " at the bottom of the page. Click and drag to create your own food web. Interactive
Diversity and Adaptation Among Living Things
6.5.1 | 6.5.2 | 6.5.3
Identify adaptations that enhance the survival of organisms in an environment.
6.5.1
DA
  1. Adaptation Activity - Learn how animals adapt to their environment while playing this online game about beavers. Interactive
  2. Build a Fish - Build a Fish by choosing a body, mouth, and color/pattern, and then release it into the reef! In the process you will learn about adaptations that help the fish survive in their environment. Interactive
  3. Dinosaur Habitat and Community - a BBC presentation about these very adaptable animals
  4. Flamingos - Adaptations for Their Environment
  5. How Cactus survive in the desert
  6. Plant Adaptations in Arid Environments - The plants that grow in the arid eastern region near the Columbia River and the Columbia Basin have a number of traits which help them to be successful in the desert.
  7. Pheromone Trails - This is a real-time 3D simulation that demonstrates how ants use pheromones to communicate. The student is able to interact with the simulation's artificial intelligence and environment to see how the ants will react to changes in their environment. Interactive
Determine which organisms are likely to survive in a particular environment.
6.5.2
DA
  1. Animal Adaptation E-Safaris - meet some interesting animals to explore how they are adapted to their environments
Classify plants and animals according to their features.
6.5.3
DA
  1. Animal and Plant Classification - a 20 question Quia quiz
  2. Animal Classification Jeopardy - a Quia quiz
  3. Classifying Animals - When you classify an animal you place it in the group to which it belongs
  4. Classifying Animals - an overview of the seven taxons from Fact Monster
  5. Who Wants to be an Animal Classification Millionaire? - [ this link opens on a new page ] a Quia quiz
Biological Change
6.6.1 | 6.6.2 | 6.6.3 | 6.6.4
Analyze how fossils provide information about the past.
6.6.1
BC
  1. Amber in Nature - Look at pieces of amber to find out what is captured inside and what clues it provides about the ancient ecosystem.
  2. Fantastic Fossil Finds
  3. Fossil Horse Cyber Museum - from the Florida Museum of Natural History
  4. Fossil Lesson Plans - lesson plans on fossils of individual phyla, as well as general lesson plans for introducing fossils and how they are formed
  5. Fossils - Clues to the Past - Fossils provide clues to what life was like in ancient times.
  6. Fossils of Iowa
  7. Fossils Rock - especially for teachers, students, and homeschoolers who want to put some fun into their earth science classes
  8. How fossils can form - This animation shows the formation of a cast and mold, one way that fossils can form. Casts are copies of fossilized plants or animals. Molds are hollow impressions of the fossil. This process takes thousands or millions of years.
  9. How Fossils Form - from Enchanted Learning
  10. Life Has a History - an educational module sponsored by the National Science Foundation (select level 2 for 5-8)
  11. Paleontology Portal -
  12. Recreating extinct animals from fossil evidence is like completing a giant jigsaw puzzle, but without all the pieces. Interactive
  13. Resources for K-12 Teachers and Students
  14. Trilobite Cookies - just for fun, looks like a great cookie
  15. Virtual Fossil Museum - fossils across geological time and evolution
  16. What Are Fossils - from the San Diego Natural History Museum
  17. What is a Fossil - discussion of Type I and Type II fossils
  18. What's a Fossil? - from the UN Museum
Identify factors that contribute to extinction.
6.6.2
BC
  1. Conservation Genetics - The science of Conservation Biology studies individuals and populations that have been affected by habitat loss, exploitation, and/or environmental change.
Differentiate between the relative age of fossils in a sedimentary rock diagram.
6.6.3
BC
  1. Age of Fossils
  2. The Clock Of Eras - a graphic aid to help visualize geologic time
  3. Determining Age of Rocks and Fossils - from UCMP Berkeley
  4. Fossils, Rocks, and Time - from USGS
  5. Fossils Through Time - choose a time period to see what life was like
  6. Geology of the Grand Canyon - The ultimate display of rock layers
  7. Geology of the Grand Canyon area - from Wikipedia
  8. Grand Canyon National Park - geology field notes from the NPS
  9. Grand Canyon Rock Layers - includes a mnemonic sentence to help you remember the layers
  10. How Old Can it Be? - lesson plan including picture cards to print
  11. Overview of Grand Canyon Geology and Rock Formations - from a Grand Hikes page
  12. Prehistoric Life - determining the age of rocks and fossils
  13. Relative Age - determining relative age from the rock record
  14. Relative Dating - stratigraphy and the principles of relative dating
  15. Relative Time Scale - from USGS
  16. Who's On First? - a Relative Dating activity
Select additional lines of scientific evidence, other than fossils, that illustrate change over time.
6.6.4
BC
  1. Barringer Meteorite Crater -

Earth Science Standards
Earth and Its Place in the Universe
6.7.1 | 6.7.2 | 6.7.3 | 6.7.4 | 6.7.5 | 6.7.6 | 6.7.7
Distinguish between a day, month, and year based on the movements of the Earth, sun, and moon.
6.7.1
EU
  1. Astronomy - Rotation & Revolution - [ this link opens on a new page ] a Quia quiz
  2. The night sky from the same location during a year - This sequence of images shows simulated views of the night sky from Chicago, Illinois. The frames show the view from Earth at midnight, once a week over a year.
  3. Rise and Set Times for the Sun and Moon - To find today's Rise and Set Times for the Sun and Moon anywhere in the continental US, click on the map at the desired location.
Identify the force that pulls objects toward the Earth.
6.7.2
EU
  1. Build Your Own Coaster - interactive site at Dicovery.com Interactive
  2. The Cause of Tides - the easy version
  3. Design a Roller Coaster - from Amusement Park Physics Interactive
  4. From Apples to Orbits - a Think Quest entry
  5. Gravitation - encyclopedia article from Encarta
  6. Gravity - The Universe's Main Attraction
  7. Gravity Concept Map - individual concepts are hyperlinked
  8. Gravity Definition Page - from Windows to the Universe
  9. How Does Gravity Work - from How Stuff Works
  10. Sir Isaac Newton - the law of universal gravitation
  11. Universal Gravitation - Gravity is More Than a Name
  12. Universal Gravitation - The Apple, the Moon, and the Inverse Square Law
  13. Universal Gravitation - Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
  14. Welcome to the death defying Funderstanding Roller Coaster! - This simulator is designed for kids who want to design their own thrilling coaster and educators who want to use a cool activity to simulate the application of physics by using an exciting interactive tool and access to a wonderful reference source. Interactive
  15. Your Weight on Other Worlds - determined by how hard a planet pulls on you
Differentiate between planets according to specific characteristics.
6.7.3
EU
  1. Examine the vast distances between planets in the solar system - This animation simulates a voyage from the sun past all nine planets. In this animation, the apparent speed of the viewer is over 300 times the speed of light.
  2. Exploring Planets in the Classroom - Hands-on Activities for Science Classes. More than 25 hands-on science activities are provided in classroom-ready pages for both teachers and students for exploring Earth, the planets, geology, and space sciences.
  3. Field Guide to the Universe - Solar System
  4. Learn about the Planets - [ this link opens on a new page ] from KidsAstronomy
  5. The Nine Eight Planets: A Multimedia Tour of the Solar System
  6. Order it up - Measures of size and scale help us understand the magnitude of objects. Play with scales while trying to arrange planets by magnitude of mass, size, temperature, density, distance, gravity or magnetic field. Correctly order the planets and you unscramble a mystery picture! To play, click on the blue link; Play Order it Up: Solar System Edition Interactive
  7. Planets of the solar system - Click on a planet to get a short bit of information about each one. Caution, relative sizes are not accurate.
  8. Planetary Orbits - A neat Shockwave simulation showing planetary orbits. Interactive
  9. Pluto demoted to dwarf planet
  10. Solar System - This real-time 3D simulation allows the student to inspect our solar system from any angle or vantage point as well as gain detailed information about each element. Interactive
  11. Views of the Solar System - This site presents a vivid multimedia adventure unfolding the splendor of the Sun, planets, moons, comets, asteroids, and more. Discover the latest scientific information, or study the history of space exploration, rocketry, early astronauts, space missions, spacecraft through a vast archive of photographs, scientific facts, text, graphics and videos. Views of the Solar System offers enhanced exploration and educational enjoyment of the solar system and beyond.
  12. Virtual Solar System by National Geographic - your chance to discover the wonders of our solar system in a spectacular 3-D environment. Take a fly-by tour of the sun and each planet in its orbit, observe close-up views of the planets, extraterrestrial weather patterns, and more. Interactive
  13. Welcome to the Planets - This is a collection of many of the best images from NASA's planetary exploration program.
Categorize the components of the universe (i.e., stars, planets, comets, asteroids, and meteors).
6.7.4
EU
  1. Amazing Space is a set of web-based activities primarily designed for classroom use, but made available for all to enjoy.
  2. An animation of a comet's passage through the solar system - Compared to the planets, most comets have highly elliptical orbits and widely varying orbital speeds. Comet Halley's next passage through the inner solar system will occur in the year 2061.
  3. Astronomy Resources at Internet4Classrooms
  4. Atlas of the Universe - This web page is designed to give everyone an idea of what our universe actually looks like. There are nine main maps on this web page, each one approximately ten times the scale of the previous one.
  5. The Cosmic Distance Scale - This feature will give an impression of how immense our Universe is by employing a method used many times in "Power of 10" films - that is, starting with an image of the Earth and then zooming out to the furthest visible reaches of our Universe.
  6. The Cosmic Distance Scale - a series of web-based exercises designed to take students on an interactive tour measuring cosmic distances
  7. The Cosmic Distance Scale - a lecture with illustrations and images
  8. Galaxy Index - photo index which leads to pages with more complete information
  9. Spiral Galaxy pictures - Alwyn Botha has posted this excellent set of galaxy pictures to assist those who want to take their own astro photographs, or those who simply want to see the beautiful pinwheel shapes of spiral galaxies. Thanks for all of the hard work Alwyn.
  10. How many stars are there in the Universe? - an interesting article on how to make an estimate of the number of stars
  11. Hubble Heritage Project - index to images from the Hubble Space Telescope
  12. Hubble Space Telescope's greatest hits - some of the best images from 1990-1995, plus links to other Hubble images.
  13. Mysteries of Deep Space from PBS Online
  14. National Science Foundation Division of Astronomical Sciences provides some useful links to astronomical on-line resources.
  15. NOVA - an archive of past NOVA shows on the subject of space
  16. Photo Gallery of the National Space Science Data Center
  17. Space Science Education Resource from NASA
  18. Space Telescope Science Institute - Astronomy resources, data archives and HST
  19. StarChild - A Learning Center for Young Astronomers from NASA
  20. Star Journey is based on National Geographic's popular map, "The Heavens."
  21. Understanding the Universe - an exploration with the American Museum of Natural History at DiscoverySchool.com
  22. Windows to the Universe - the site is written in three reading levels approximating elementary, middle school and high school reading levels - levels may be chosen by using the upper button bar of each page of the main site
Differentiate between a solar and a lunar eclipse.
6.7.5
EU
  1. Animation of a Lunar Eclipse
  2. Animation of a Solar Eclipse - simultaneous animation of total, partial, and annular eclipses
  3. Eclipses - This real-time 3D simulation of the Sun, Earth, and moon explains lunar and solar eclipses, as well as the defined moon phases. The student can manipulate the Sun, the Earth, and the moon into all of their phases as well as view the phases from a variety of different perspectives. Interactive
  4. Eclipse Home Page at the NASA/GSFC Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum. This web site is continually expanding and strives to be the ultimate resource for online information about eclipses.
  5. Excellent animation of a lunar eclipse from APOD
  6. Mechanics of Lunar Eclipses - great diagrams | Lunar Eclipses occurring between 1999 and 2020
  7. Mechanics of Solar Eclipses - great diagrams | Solar Eclipses occurring between 1999 and 2020
  8. Moon and Sun - A solar eclipse composite photo
  9. Solar Eclipses through Space and Time - this 41 slide show is filled with information, images and movies
Select the diagram that reflects the Earth/sun relationship that accounts for the four seasons.
6.7.6
EU
  1. Animation of Earth's yearly revolution around the sun - In order to illustrate how much sunlight different parts of Earth receive through the year, this model shows our planet much larger and closer to the sun than it actually is.
  2. Do Shadows Change With The Seasons? - a worksheet to print and use with your class This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  3. How Does Sunrise and Sunset Change with the Seasons? - a worksheet to print and use with your class This is an Adobe Acrobat document
    1. Closure activity to use with the seasons lesson plan This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  4. Observe seasonal changes in the amount of sunlight reaching locations on Earth - This animation shows a satellite view of Earth every day for a year. Examine the sunlit side of the globe to recognize the continent of Australia and peninsulas and islands of Southeast Asia.
  5. Reasons for the Seasons - includes some excellent illustrations
  6. The Reasons for the Seasons - This lesson plan is actually three activities in one to be conducted over a three-day period (one day in the fall, one in the winter, and one in the spring).
  7. Seasons - explanation from MSN Encarta
  8. Seasons - find exactly when the seasons start for any year from 1902 to 2102 with this java applet Interactive
  9. Seasons Reasons - What is the cause of the seasons? This explanation features an animation of the earth’s movement during a year. [careful, you may get seasick watching it!]
  10. The Seasons - very good diagrams
  11. What causes Earth’s seasons? - Our planet's tilt dictates cycle of spring and fall
Predict the type of tide produced by the different positions of the Earth and moon system.
6.7.7
EU
  1. Bay of Fundy - home of what may be the world's largest tide range
    1. Bay of Fundy Tourism Information
    2. Hopewell Rocks - at the Bay of Fundy
    3. Undersea Landscapes - the Bay of Fundy
  2. The King of Tides - a WebQuest which asks students to collect data and support a conclusion regarding the moon's role in creating tides.
  3. Lesson on tides with a good diagram of spring tides and neap tides from the Department of Physics & Astronomy at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville
  4. Moon Tides - how the moon affects ocean tides
  5. Ocean Tides - introduction to the hydrosphere
  6. Our Restless Tides - a brief explanation of the astronomical factors which produce tides from NOAA's Oceanographic Products and Services Division
  7. Tide - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  8. Tide Prediction and Data - from NOAA
  9. Tides - spring and neap tide explanation from Enchanted Learning
  10. Water Level Tidal Predictions - from NOAA
  11. What Causes Tides? - This explanation of giant tides in the Bay of Fundy also includes a great illustration of the various types of tides.

Physical Science Standards
Predict the direction of heat flow between objects.
6.14.1
E
Identify the wavelength, frequency, and amplitude of a wave.
6.14.2
E
  1. The Anatomy of a Wave - from the chapter on Properties of Waves at the Physics Classroom
  2. Basic Electromagnetic Wave Properties - this java applet lets students change wavelength, frequency or amplitude of electromagnetic waves, thus changing the color of the radiation. Interactive
  3. Electromagnetic Spectrum - In this applet, you can click on the wavelength/frequency scale and change the wavelength and frequency by dragging the mouse or by using the arrow keys on the keyboard. Holding the shift key down while pressing the left or right arrow keys changes the wavelength by a factor of 10. Interactive
  4. Frequency, Wavelength, & Amplitude - from a physics tutoring site
  5. Introduction to Waves - a multi-part lesson from the BBC
  6. Ocean Waves - This is a real-time 3D wave simulator which demonstrates the connection between wind speed and ocean particle motion depth. The student can modify the properties of an ocean wave and see the effect from any perspective. Interactive
  7. Parts of a Wave - the wave and its parts are discussed here, including a nice java applet which allows your students to change wave frequency Interactive
  8. Properties of a Wave - from the Physics Classroom
  9. Wave Addition - Experiment with how different wavelengths combine to produce a resultant wave. Interactive
Recognize a variety of energy transformations.
6.14.3
E
  1. Energy Matters - the physics of energy
  2. Energy Transformation - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  3. Energy Transformation on a Roller Coaster - from the Physics Classroom
  4. Forms of Energy - examples of each type
  5. Kinetic and Potential Energy - a Think Quest entry
  6. Kinetic vs Potential Energy - [ this link opens on a new page ] a Quia quiz
Select examples of refraction, reflection, and absorption of light.
6.14.4
E
  1. Dark Wet Spot - video explanation of the effect of water on reflection or transmission of light
  2. Experiment with mirrors - study reflection at an interactive BBC site Interactive
  3. Image Formation in Plane Mirrors - a set of pages with great illustrations, animations, and several quizzes
  4. Image Formation by Lenses - a set of pages with great illustrations, and several quizzes
  5. Light Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission - from a chapter on Color and Vision
  6. Lens Experiment - Java Applet allows students to change lens position Interactive
  7. Properties of Light - reflection, refraction, dispersion, and refractive indices
  8. Wavelike Behaviors of Light - from the Physics Classroom
  9. What Makes Things the Color They Are? - good illustrations of each of the elements of this SPI
Infer the impact of nuclear power on humans and the environment.
6.14.5
E
  1. The Challenges of Nuclear Power - information and a large number of links
  2. Chernobyl Disaster - from Wikipedia
  3. Dispelling Myths About Nuclear Energy
  4. Nuclear Power - energy from splitting Uranium atoms




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