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Using Microsoft Word's Menu bar - for Macintosh

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Using Microsoft Word's Menu bar


for (Macintosh)


File menu

New - Opens a new document. If you use the keyboard combination indicated on the right a blank document opens immediately. Selecting the New menu item with your cursor gives the opportunity to open a large number of types of documents.

Open - Opens a previously saved document.

Close - Closes the active document but does not quit the application.

Save - Saves the active document with its current file name, location and format.

Save As - Saves by opening a window which gives the opportunity to change the file name, location or format.

Page Setup - Sets margins, paper size, orientation and other layout options.

Print Preview - Shows how the file will look when you print it.

Print - Prints the active file, also gives the opportunity to change print options

Quit - Closes Microsoft Word.


Edit menu

Undo ... - The actual entry of this item will depend on what you did last. In my example I had typed, so that was displayed. This selection can be repeated several times.

Repeat ...- After an action has been undone, it can be reinstated in the document.

Cut - Removes the selection from the active document and places it on the clipboard.

Copy - Copies the selection to the clipboard

Paste - Inserts the contents of the clipboard at the insertion point (cursor) or whatever is selected.

Clear - Deletes the selected object or text, but does not place it on the clipboard.

Select All - Selects all text and graphics in the active window.

Find - Searches for specified text in the active document

Replace - Searches for and replaces specified text and formatting.

View menu

Normal - The default document view for most word processing tasks.

Page Layout - An editing view that displays your document as it will look when printed. This view takes more system memory and scrolling may be slow.

Toolbars - Displays or hides toolbars. The right pointing arrow indicates a list of toolbars. To add one slide down to the name of the toolbar and click to select.

Ruler - Displays or hides horizontal and vertical rulers at the top and left side of the document.

Header and Footer - Adds or changes the text that is displayed at the top or bottom of every page of the document

Full Screen - Hides most screen elements so you can see more of your document

Zoom - Controls how large, or small, the current document appears on the screen.


Insert menu

Page Break - Use this command to send your cursor to the top of the next page even though the text does not extend to the bottom of the previous page

Table - Create a table around selected text. If no text is selected you will be asked to choose the number of rows and columns needed in your table.

Footnote - Place a footnote at the bottom of the page or the end of the document.

Date and Time - Choose from seventeen formats for displaying date, time, or date and time.

Symbol - Insert a symbol from each of your symbol fonts, or any standard font which includes symbols. There are more than you might think!

Bullet - Place a bullet. New bullets are added following carriage returns. Want to change the bullets? Wait for the next menu.

Text Box (Frame) - Use this to place captions near tables or drawings, or to set off text at the beginning of a page. Click and draw the box after making this selection.

File - Insert a saved document into the active document at the cursor.

Picture - Insert pictures from clip art or a file. You can also insert auto shapes, word art, or a chart.

Drop Cap - Make the first letter of a paragraph or chapter large enough to span several lines.

Object - Insert an object such as clip art, word art, an equation or much more.

Hyperlink - An interesting use of hyperlinks is to place a link to any document stored on your computer. You can later open that document by clicking on the link. Neat?

Format menu

Character - Change font style, size, color and a large number of other features. You can also change the spacing between letters here.

Paragraph - Indent a paragraph using either margin or place some chosen amount of space before or after the paragraph.

Document - If you need to change page margins, or the size of the header or footer, do it from this sub-menu.

Bullets and Numbering - As promised in the Insert menu, if you wish to change the bullet, it can be done here. Your bullets can be literally any symbol you wish them to be

Border - Create borders around blocks of text, or around the entire document. On the Page Border tab, under the Art pull down menu you can find a huge selection of graphic borders; hearts, stars, planets and much more.

Style - If you prefer not to use the Formatting toolbar, document style can be changed here.

Background - Another task which can be handled in the Formatting toolbar, you can choose the color to highlight selected text in your document.

Change Case - DO YOU EVER FORGET THE CAPS LOCK? If so, some to this sub-menu and change the case of the highlighted text. This is a cool feature!

Bold, Italic, Underline - Format selected text; Bold , Italic , or Underlined.

Object - Make changes to any selected object; image, word art, auto shape or any other object inserted into the document.

Font menu

Go to the Font menu to select a new font, or change highlighted text to a new font. One convenient feature of this menu is that the name of the font is displayed in that font. This is to help you make your selection.

Caution: The number of fonts available on your computer can slow the speed with this an application opens. Any application which allows the use of text ( quick-name one that does not ) must build a list of those fonts as it is launched. Too many fonts will slow your computer down. Unused fonts should be removed. However, you must be sure that the font you remove is not one which is required by an application. Adobe Acrobat Reader is an example of an application that requires certain fonts.

Tools menu

Speak Selection - That's right, Word will speak whatever text you have selected. Macintosh only

Pick Voice - If your computer can read a selection, why not choose the voice it uses? Macintosh only

Spelling and Grammar - Choose either sub-menu and the same window opens. Questioned spelling is in red , grammar in green .

Thesaurus - Have you used the word "like" too many times? Highlight the word, select Thesaurus and get suggestions like similar and analogous.

Word Count - Need to know how many words are in your document? Select Word Count and find out how many pages, words, characters, paragraphs, and lines.

Auto Summarize - Exactly what it sounds like, Word summarizes the document, reducing the length of the document, keeping the meaning.

Auto Correct - Word will automatically correct some things. If this feature is irritating to you, come here to change what is corrected.

Preferences - Modify Word settings here. Modify print, editing, spelling and other options from this sub-menu.

Customize- Opens the same window that you get by going to the View menu and selecting Toolbar/Customize.

Window menu

New Window - This opens another window with a copy of the active document.

Arrange All - Displays all open files in the window. This makes dragging and dropping from one document to another much easier.

Show Clipboard - This is a valuable feature. If you do not remember the last item copied select this sub-menu to see text or images in the clipboard.

Open Document List - There is no need to drag windows to the side so you can see other documents open in Word. Come to the bottom of this window for a listing of all open documents. The active document has a check mark beside it.

Help menu

Show Balloons - If you are not sure what a menu does, turn on Balloons, put your cursor on the menu item and get a short explanation.

Microsoft Word Help - Open Word's Assistant and get a search box to type in. Word displays possible matches for you to read about.

Contents and Index - See an index of all topics available in Word's Help documentation.

Help on the Web - That's right! It is exactly what it sounds like. Select a link and a Microsoft help page is opened in your browser. If you are not online, Word will make the connection and then display the page.

Online Registration - If you have ever installed any software application on your computer you have seen those reminders to register the product online. Well, Microsoft keeps the reminder around in case you didn't register when you installed the software. Isn't that considerate of them!

Commonly used keyboard combinations

To use one of these combinations Hold the Command key down and strike the letter key
Hint: The command key is the one that people often call "open apple" and is found on either side of the space bar.

Open a new word document quickly.

Cut- Removes the selection from the active document and places it on the clipboard.

Opens a previously saved document.

Copies the selection to the clipboard

Closes the active window but does not quit Word.

Paste - Inserts the contents of the clipboard at the insertion point (cursor) or whatever is selected.

Saves the active document with its current file name, location and format.

Selects all text and graphics in the active window.

Prints the active file, also gives the opportunity to change print options

Find - Searches for specified text in the active document

Quit - Closes Microsoft Word.

Bold - Formats selected text; make text bold, or remove bold formatting

Undo the last action. This selection can be repeated several times.

Italic - Formats selected text; make text italic or remove italic

Redo - After an action has been undone, it can be reinstated in the document.

Underline - Formats selected text; make text underlined or remove underline


Less commonly used keyboard combinations


Increase selected text two points

Apply superscript formatting

Decrease selected text two points

Apply subscript formatting

Increase selected text one point

Copy formats

Decrease selected text one point

Paste formats

Change case of the letters

Single space lines

Underline words but not spaces

Set 1.5 line spacing

Double underline text

Double space lines

Center a paragraph

Delete one word to the left

Justify a paragraph

Delete one word to the right

Left align a paragraph

Cut

Right align a paragraph

Paste

Indent a paragraph from the left

Insert a line break

Create a hanging indent

Reduce a hanging indent

If text is already selected and you want to extend the selection area

Extend selection one character to the left

Extend selection one character to the right

Extend selection to the end of a word

Extend selection to the beginning of a word

If you want to move the cursor

One character to the right

One character to the left

One word to the right

One word to the left

To the end of a document

To the beginning of a document

This list is by no means complete. To find other keyboard combinations check the Word help index.

Internet4classrooms is a collaborative effort by Susan Brooks and Bill Byles.
 

  

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