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Virginia Geography

Virginia Geography

Basic Facts

  • Geographical Region: South
  • Size: 42769 sq.mi., 35th rank overall.
  • Admitted to Statehood: June 25, 1788
  • Population: 7,882,590;12th rank overall.
  • Capital: Richmond
  • Other Major City: Virginia Beach
  • Abbreviation: VA

Fun Facts

  • Nickname: Old Dominion State
  • State Flag: Click Here (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Bird: Cardinal (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Flower: Dogwood (opens window to 50states.com)

Geographical Description

  • Virginia is divided into five regions from east to west: Tidewater, Piedmont, Blue Ridge Mountains, Ridge and Valley, and Cumberland Plateau, also called the Appalachian Plateau.
  • The Tidewater is a coastal plain that includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries which enter the Chesapeake Bay.
  • The Piedmont is a series of foothills, known for its heavy clay soil and includes the Southwest Mountains.
  • The Blue Ridge Mountains, part of Appalachian Mountains, contain the highest points in the state. Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet high is the tallest.
  • The Ridge and Valley region is west of the mountains, and includes the Great Appalachian Valley.
  • The Cumberland Plateau and Mountains are located below the Allegheny Plateau in the south-west corner of Virginia. It contains a number of rivers flowing northwest that empty into the Ohio River basin.

Map: Relief Map of VA


Minerals, transportation equipment, textiles, food processing, aeronautical research, electric equipment, chemicals.


tobacco, cattle, poultry, grain, corn, dairy products, hogs, soybeans.

Other Information

Fun Facts:

  • Virginia was named for England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I.
  • Jamestown was founded for silk cultivation, but a fungus destroyed the mulberry trees. So they planted tobacco instead.
  • Virginia is known as "the birthplace of a nation".
  • Eight United States Presidents were born in Virginia: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, William Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, and Woodrow Wilson.
  • Seven Presidents are buried in Virginia: Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Tyler, Taft and Kennedy
  • Today, Richmond is the state capital. It once was the capital of the Confederacy.
  • Virginia is home to the first peanuts grown in the United States.
  • The surrender of Cornwallis in Yorktown marks the end of the American Revolution.
  • Over 2,200 of the 4,000 battles in the Civil War were fought in Virginia.
  • The Pentagon, the largest office building in the world, has nearly 68,000 miles of internal telephone lines
  • The first celebration of Thanksgiving in North America took place in Virginia in 1619.

More Fun Facts: http://www.50states.com/facts/virginia.htm



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