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New York Geography

New York Geography

Basic Facts

  • Geographical Region: Northeast
  • Size: 54475 sq.mi., 27th rank overall.
  • Admitted to Statehood: July 26, 1788
  • Population: 19,541,453;3rd rank overall.
  • Capital: Albany
  • Other Major City: New York
  • Abbreviation: NY

Fun Facts

  • Nickname: Empire State
  • State Flag: Click Here (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Bird: Bluebird (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Flower: Rose (opens window to 50states.com)

Geographical Description

  • The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York. Lake Champlain and the Hudson River are the chief features of the valley.
  • The Adirondack Mountains are located in the northern part of the state between Lake Champlain in the east and Lake Ontario in the west. This area consists of extensive wilderness and the highest point in the state, Mt. Marcy at 5,344ft above sea level.
  • The St. Lawrence-Champlain lowlands can be found on the shores of Lake Ontario and running northeast along the St. Lawrence River and the Canadian border.
  • South of the Adirondack uplands, the Hudson-Mowhawk lowland follows the rivers north and west.
  • To west of the Hudson River are the Appalachian Highlands that extend west toward Lake Erie. This area includes the Catskill Mountains and the Finger Lakes.
  • Further west is the Erie-Ontario lowlands as New York slopes toward these two Great Lakes.

Map: Relief Map of NY


Printing, publishing, scientific instruments, apparel, electric equipment, machinery, food products, optical instruments, chemical products, tourism, finance.


Dairy products, cattle and other livestock, vegetables, nursery stock, apples, grapes, strawberries, cherries, pears.

Other Information

Fun Facts:

  • New York City boasts 722 miles of subway track.
  • The first railroad in America linked Albany and Schenectady running a distance of 11 miles.
  • New York City was the first capital of the United States.
  • The Genesee River flows south to north. It is one of the few rivers in the world to do so.
  • Gennaro Lombardi was the owner of the first pizzeria in the United States. It opened in New York City in 1895.
  • New York City became a worldwide trading center with the completion of the Erie Canal, built across the New York State in the 1820s.
  • In the 1600s, European settlers brought seeds to New York and introduced apples.

More Fun Facts: http://www.50states.com/facts/newyork.htm



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