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New Hampshire Geography

New Hampshire Geography

Basic Facts

  • Geographical Region: Northeast
  • Size: 9351 sq.mi., 46th rank overall.
  • Admitted to Statehood: June 21, 1788
  • Population: 1,324,575;40th rank overall.
  • Capital: Concord
  • Other Major City: Manchester
  • Abbreviation: NH

Fun Facts

  • Nickname: Granite State
  • State Flag: Click Here (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Bird: Purple Finch (opens window to 50states.com)
  • State Flower: Purple Lilac (opens window to 50states.com)

Geographical Description

  • New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area
  • The Great North Woods Region is located at the northern tip of, north of the White Mountains Region.
  • The White Mountains range spans across the north central part of the state. The highest peak in New England, Mount Washington (6,288 ft), is found here.
  • The Lakes Region is the mid-state region encompassing Lake Winnipesaukee, Winnisquam Lake, and Squam Lake.
  • The Seacoast Region is the southeast area stretching 18 miles along the Atlantic Ocean shoreline characterized by a few sandy beaches and generally very rocky.
  • The 110-mile Merrimack River bisects the lower half of the state north-south. Its main tributaries include Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River and Winnipesaukee River.
  • The Monadnock Region in the southwestern part of the state is home to Mount Monadnock.
  • To the east you will find the Carter-Moriah Range and the Presidential Range being split by the Ellis River that drops 80ft through Pinkham Notch.
  • The Connecticut River at 410-miles, starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticut defining the western border with Vermont.
  • New Hampshire has 1300 lakes or ponds and 40,000 miles of rivers and streams which provide year round fishing and recreation in scenic surroundings.
  • New Hampshire is the second most forested state, in percentage of land covered by woods, behind Maine.

Map: Relief Map of NH


Mineral production, machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products, lumber, tourism


Greenhouse products, dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples, eggs.

Other Information

Fun Facts:

  • New Hampshire was the first original colony to declare its independence from England.
  • Mt. Washington is home to the fastest wind speed recorded at ground level with winds three times faster than those in most hurricanes.
  • America's Stonehenge, located on Mystery Hill in Salem, is a 4,000 year old megalithic site.
  • New Hampshire was named by Captain John Smith after the town of Hampshire, England.
  • New Hampshire delegates were the first to vote for the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.

More Fun Facts: http://www.50states.com/facts/newhamp.htm



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