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Primary or Secondary Sources


Distinguish between primary and secondary sources, defining the characteristics of each and evaluating each for their benefits and limitations. 0601.4.4

Links verified on 6/6/2014

  1. A resource for the teacher to use in planning their lessonsDocument Analysis Worksheets - You may find these worksheets useful as you introduce students to various documents
  2. How do we know what we know? - analyzing primary sources - lesson plan; analyze a picture of a Powhatan object shown on the John Smith map in order to learn more about Powhatan Indian life
  3. Primary Source Documents
    1. 100 milestone documents of American history - These documents help us think, talk and teach about the rights and responsibilities of citizens in our democracy, and reflect our diversity and our unity, our past and our future.
    2. American Memory Timeline - This resource was developed to help teachers and students use the vast online collections of the Library of Congress. The links will lead you to sets of selected primary sources on a variety of topics in United States History. The sets are arranged by chronological period.
    3. American Treasures of the Library of Congress - Thomas Jefferson, whose personal library became the core of the Library of Congress, arranged his books into three types of knowledge, corresponding to three faculties of the mind: Memory (History), Reason (Philosophy), and Imagination (Fine Arts).
    4. Calisphere: A World of Primary Source Documents - explore thousands of primary source images and documents
    5. A Chronology of US Historical Documents - From Pre-Colonial to the present
    6. The Civil War - The Valley of the Shadow - The Valley of the Shadow Project takes two communities, one Northern and one Southern, through the experience of the American Civil War. The project is a hypermedia archive of thousands of sources for the period before, during, and after the Civil War.
    7. Core Documents of US Democracy
    8. Declaration of Independence - from the National Archives Experience
    9. Eyewitness to History - arranged by date
    10. Finding World History - reviews describe online primary source archives, evaluate resources, and provide classroom suggestions
    11. Hammurabiís Code - this Babylonian document is an extremely useful source for discussions of Mesopotamian government and society - One of the most influential codifications of law in ancient history
    12. Historical Documents of the United States - from the Mayflower Compact to Viet Nam era documents
    13. History and Historiography - documents on the English Server at Carnegie Mellon University
    14. Inaugural Addresses - from George Washington's first on April 30, 1789 to George Bush's on January 20, 1989.
    15. Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States - George Washington to Barack Obama
    16. Major Document Collections - from the Avalon Project at the Yale Law School - Look through The Federalist papers, check out the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, or many other collections of documents.
    17. Primary Sources - List of links for many sites with primary sources.
    18. Primary Sources on the web - includes American History and World History
    19. Revolutionary War - Many links from the pre-war years to the war; primary sources and more
    20. Revolutionary War - Captain Thomas Preston - primary source; The following is a transcript of the trial of Captain Thomas Preston, who was in charge of the British troops involved in the Boston Massacre
    21. Teaching with Documents - reproducible copies of primary documents from the holdings of the National Archives of the United States, teaching activities correlated to the National History Standards and National Standards for Civics and Government, and cross-curricular connections A lesson plan can be found at this site
      1. Document Analysis Worksheets - designed and developed by the Education Staff of the National Archives and Records Administration to help your students evaluate a variety of types of primary documents This link includes something for the teacher to print
    22. Timeline and Chronicles of the American Revolution - Interactive site with primary resources.
    23. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Home Page - "The tie that binds the lives of our people in one indissoluble union are perpetuated in the archives of our government."
    24. Women in World History - primary sources by region
  4. Primary Sources on the Web - list of web sites containing primary source materials
  5. Primary Source & Archived Collections Projects - projects use 'real-time' data from government and commercial databases
A resource for the teacher to use in planning their lessons site for teachers | A PowerPoint show related to this standard PowerPoint show | An Adobe Acrobat document in .pdf format Acrobat document | A Microsoft Word document to be downloaded Word document | This interactive site would work well on an interactive whiteboard whiteboard resource | This resource includes voice instructions for students sound | A video is available through this link video format | This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data interactive lesson | This site includes questions for your students to check their understanding a quiz | A lesson plan can be found at this site lesson plan | This link includes something for the teacher to print to print

Internet4classrooms is a collaborative effort by Susan Brooks and Bill Byles.




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