Quantcast
Sign Up For Our Newsletter
Email:

I4C

Physics Standards - Thermodynamics

advertisement

Physics - Thermodynamics Standards

Standard Number: 2.0 Thermodynamics:

The student will examine the properties and laws of thermodynamics.

Links verified 10/26/2012

Level 1 || Level 2 || Level 3 ||
At Level 1, the student is able to:

1. investigate temperature in relationship to kinetic energy.

  1. An excellent simulation by Noriyoshi Kato is called Billiards of Molecules (What's the difference in gas, liquid and solid) This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  2. See Motion of Ideal Gas Molecules in a cylinder This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  3. Kinetic Theory, Microscopic and Macroscopic Connections (a java applet) This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  4. Equipartition Theorem (java applet) - The kinetic energy of a particle can be due to motion in the x, y, and z directions, as well as to rotations. The equiparition of energy theorem says that the kinetic energy of an atom or particle is, on average, equally distributed between the different modes (different degrees of freedom) available. This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  5. Special Processes of an Ideal Gas - an applet to investigate ideal gases This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data

2. apply the second law of thermodynamics to the Carnot engine.

  1. A java applet to show the physics processes of a Carnot heat engine This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data

2. recognize that absolute zero is the absence of molecular kinetic energy.

  1. Temperature and Absolute Zero - This tutorial includes a couple of good animations.
  2. What is the Lowest Temperature ever produced ? The limit of all temperature is absolute zero. For many years physicists have been closing in on absolute zero. No one will ever succeed in reaching it, but many have come very close.
  3. PhysLink presents - "What will happen to the gas at absolute zero temperature (0 K)?"
At Level 2, the student is able to:

1. identify the characteristics of internal energy and temperature/heat (joules/calories).

  1. Introduction to Heat and Temperature
  2. This java applet shows Brownian motion for gas molecules. Qualitative evidence of the microscopic nature of gases is shown by an effect called Brownian motion. This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  3. Temperature and Thermometers
  4. Thermometers as Speedometers

2. relate the First Law of Thermodynamics as an application of the Law of Conservation of Energy (hot to cold) and heat transfer through conduction, convection and radiation.

  1. Thermodynamic Equilibrium - an applet designed to simulate the diffusion process which occurs when gases of different temperatures are mixed (seven experiments can be performed with this applet) This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  2. What is Heat?
  3. Methods of Heat Transfer
  4. Rates of Heat Transfer

3. relate change in heat content (quantity of thermal energy) to kinetic energy and specific heat (Q=mc?T).

  1. Maxwellian Velocity Distribution - an interactive applet designed to demonstrate the properties of the ideal gas law This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  2. Ideal Gas Law - Using an interactive applet, you will control the action of a piston in a pressure chamber which is filled with an ideal gas. Three experiments are outlined. This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data
  3. Specific Heat at Constant Pressure and Constant Volume - students use this java applet to collect data This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data

4. investigate potential energy changes (phase changes) of heat of fusion, heat of vaporization, and heat of sublimation.

  1. What Does Heat Do?
  2. Measuring the Quantity of Heat
  3. Calorimeters and Calorimetry
At Level 3, the student is able to:

1. explore thermal expansion and contraction.

  1. Physics Lab: Linear Thermal Expansion - The purpose of this lab experiment is to measure the linear expansion coefficients of up to three different metals A lesson plan can be found at this site
  2. Thermal Expansion - explanation and illustration

2. apply the second law of thermodynamics to the Carnot engine.

  1. A java applet to show the physics processes of a Carnot heat engine This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data




A resource for the teacher to use in planning their lessons site for teachers | A PowerPoint show related to this standard PowerPoint show | An Adobe Acrobat document in .pdf format Acrobat document | A Microsoft Word document to be downloaded Word document | This interactive site would work well on an interactive whiteboard whiteboard resource | This resource includes voice instructions for students sound | A video is available through this link video format | This site is interactive and allows students to play a game or input or collect data interactive lesson | This site includes questions for your students to check their understanding a quiz | A lesson plan can be found at this site lesson plan | This link includes something for the teacher to print to print

 

Physics java applets | Physics 2000 | Interactive Optics Applets | Interactive Physics | Interactive Physics (2) | Physics Lessons | Java Applets on Physics | Computer Animations | General Physics Java Applets | ActivPhysics Online | Physlets | Fear of Physics | Shockwave Physics | Virtual Laboratory | Physics Education Technology


Physics Information: Physics Classroom , Multimedia Physics Studio , Shockwave Physics Studios

Internet4classrooms is a collaborative effort by Susan Brooks and Bill Byles.
 

  

advertisement

advertisement

Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy

260739334 US 1 desktop not tablet not iPad device-width