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Standards listed on this page are from Texas Science Knowledge & Skills - 3rd Grade
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Scientific Processes | Science Concepts
Return to Grade Level Skills - For other resources, refer to our Elementary Science page
Page last edited 5/8/2009
A resource for the teacher to use in planning their lessons a site for teachers | A PowerPoint show related to this standard a PowerPoint show | An Adobe Acrobat document in .pdf format Adobe Acrobat document | A Microsoft Word document to be downloaded a Word document
This resource includes voice instructions for students sound | A video is available through this link video format
| Interactive interactive lesson | This site includes questions for your students to check their understanding a quiz | A lesson plan can be found at this site lesson plan | This link includes something for the teacher to print to print

Scientific Processes
(Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills)
Internet Resources
(1)   The student conducts field and laboratory investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices.

(A)  demonstrate safe practices during field and laboratory investigations

  1. Create A Safe, Efficient, Inquiry-Based Science Classroom - a 23 slide show written for teachers
  2. Practicing Safe Science in the Classroom: The Eyes Have It - page 4 includes instructions for a simulated "acid in the eye" accident This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  3. Safe Science - recommendations to parents, but they make sense for classroom teachers also
  4. Science Safety Manual - a publication for Maryland Public Schools
(B)  make wise choices in the use and conservation of resources and the disposal or recycling of materials
  1. Characteristics of Materials - test a variety of materials to determine their properties and then go to a workshop to decide how each could best be used Interactive
  2. Dr. E's Energy Lab - explore variouys types of renewable energy
  3. Energy History - Did you know that fossil fuels started to form way before dinosaur times?
  4. Environmental Kids Page - from the Environmental Protection Agency
    1. Visit Recycle City (formerly known as Dumptown)
  5. Hog Busters Training Camp - learn how to defeat Energy Hogs and become an official Hog Buster Interactive
  6. How bad is the air you breathe? Learn how the air becomes dirty. (a quiz is included) Interactive
  7. Learn about pesticides. Are they good? What are they used for? (a quiz is included) Interactive
  8. Make Waves: How Kids Can Protect the Earth, One Ripple at a Time - from the NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council)
  9. Recycling - from the Energy Kid's page
  10. Take a test about how you use water! Twenty five questions that will help you be a better user of water. Interactive
  11. The Green Squad: Kids Taking Action for Greener, Healthier Schools - take a tour of a school and spot various problem areas, then go to the library for many fact sheets Interactive
  12. What is a hazardous waste? How does garbage effect you? (a quiz is included) Interactive
  13. What's Wrong With This Picture?!? - Click on the spots where you think someone is doing something wrong for a surprise. Interactive
(2)   The student uses scientific inquiry methods during field and laboratory investigations.

(A)  plan and implement descriptive investigations including asking well-defined questions, formulating testable hypotheses, and selecting and using equipment and technology

  1. Characteristics of Materials - an interactive quiz from the BBC Interactive
  2. Formatting Hypotheses - information to help your students get a handle on this process skill
  3. Reasoning in Science - a basic introduction to the scientific method from Biology4Kids
  4. Select which items give out light - a BBC interactive quiz Interactive
  5. Test Your Hypothesis - Read Jenna's Diary in this exceprt from the science fair toolkit to see an example of designing an experiment with a testable hypothesis.
  6. Use this BBC quiz to determine whether items are waterproof or not. Interactive
(B)  collect information by observing and measuring
  1. Chances - a dice game that allows you to see how increasing or decreasing the number of dice rolls effects an outcome Interactive
  2. Friction - use this BBC interactive to investigate the effect of different surfaces Interactive
  3. Helping Plants Grow Well - make changes to three variables to determine what conditions help a plant grow best, then take a quiz Interactive
(C)  analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct and indirect evidence
  1. Magnets and Springs - experiment with a variety of materials to determine which are magnetic, then take a quiz Interactive
(D)  communicate valid conclusions
(E)  construct simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts to organize, examine and evaluate information
  1. Bar Chart - students create a bar chart showing quantities or percentages by labeling columns and clicking on values Interactive
  2. Chances - a dice game that grows a column graph as the number of spins are simulated Interactive
  3. Data Picking - click on each student to collect data and then select a chart or graph that matches the data Interactive
  4. Interpreting Data Activity - click on each child to collect information, total the tally marks and create a chart Interactive
  5. Interpreting Data - an index of topics including bar and pie charts, pictograms and line graphs
    1. Interpreting Data Quiz - to be used following the above set of pages
  6. Pie Chart – Explore percentages and fractions using pie charts Interactive
  7. Spinners - select record results before starting and see a column graph created as you spin

(3)  The student knows that information, critical thinking, and scientific problem solving are used in making decisions.

(A)  analyze, review, and critique scientific explanations, including hypotheses and theories, as to their strengths and weaknesses using scientific evidence and information

  1. Energy Fair: Scientific Method - A guide to teaching students the scientific method using the experimental design model with an emphasis on energy science fair projects This is an Adobe Acrobat document
(B)  draw inferences based on information related to promotional materials for products and services
(C)  represent the natural world using models and identify their limitations
(D)  evaluate the impact of research on scientific thought, society, and the environment
(E)  connect Grade 3 science concepts with the history of science and contributions of scientists
(4)  The student knows how to use a variety of tools and methods to conduct science inquiry.

(A)  collect and analyze information using tools including calculators, microscopes, cameras, safety goggles, sound recorders, clocks, computers, thermometers, hand lenses, meter sticks, rulers, balances, magnets, and compasses

  1. Centimeters - To Nearest Whole Number (from FunBrain) Interactive
  2. Centimeters - To Half Centimeter (from FunBrain) Interactive
  3. Identify Laboratory Devices - Look at the line-ups on the game screens and click on the laboratory device that fits the description. Interactive
  4. Inches - To Nearest Whole Number (from FunBrain) Interactive
  5. Inches - To Quarter Inch (from FunBrain) Interactive
  6. Magnets and Springs - use this interactive BBC site to experiment with which objects are attracted to a magnet, then take a quiz. Interactive
  7. What is attracted to magnets? - Experiments with magnets and our surroundings
  8. Take a Magnet quiz at Quia Interactive
  9. Magnet quiz in the form of a Who Wants to be a Millionaire game Interactive
(B)  demonstrate that repeated investigations may increase the reliability of results
  1. Chances - a dice game that allows you to see how increasing or decreasing the number of dice rolls effects an outcome Interactive
  2. Coin Flipping Page - repeat an experiment with larger number of coin flips to test this skill Interactive
  3. Heads I Win - (3-5) [this link opens on a new page] Students predict the likelihood of tossing heads or tails and graphs the results of coin tosses. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant)
  4. Lions and Tigers - [this link opens on a new page] Students predict the likelihood of a simple event (rolling a die) as a fraction. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant)
  5. Pin The Tail - [this link opens on a new page] Students use probability to predict and conduct experiments to test predictions. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant)
  6. Why Can't I Win? - [this link opens on a new page] Students use a spinner to predict the likelihood of simple events occurring. (Author - Sandi King)
  7. What Are My Chances - [this link opens on a new page] Students explore probability and ratios. (Author - Sandi King)

Science Concepts
(5)   The student knows that systems exist in the world.

(A)  observe and identify simple systems such as a sprouted seed and a wooden toy car

  1. Forces and Movement - investigate how forces affect the motion of a toy car Interactive
(B)  observe a simple system and describe the role of various parts such as a yo-yo and string
(6)   The student knows that forces cause change.

(A)  measure and record changes in the position and direction of the motion of an object to which a force such as a push or pull has been applied

  1. Forces and Motion - investigate how various forces affect movement Interactive
  2. Forces in Action - complete the activity and then take the test. Interactive
(B)  identify that the surface of the Earth can be changed by forces such as earthquakes and glaciers
(7)   The student knows that matter has physical properties.

(A)  gather information including temperature, magnetism, hardness, and mass using appropriate tools to identify physical properties of matter

  1. Magnets and Springs - experiment with a variety of materials to determine which are magnetic, then take a quiz Interactive
(B)  identify matter as liquids, solids, and gases
  1. Gases Around Us - an interactive site from BBC that allows students to investigate factors that affect a gas. A quiz is also available. Interactive
  2. Matter in the Science Lab - Select Matter in the list of labs. The illustration names the physical state of objects. Next, click on Water Changes State near the top of the matter window. Hold down the blue button to lower the temperature of water to freezing, then hold down the red button till water boils. Click on the book in the bottom left corner to read about matter. Interactive
  3. Solids, Liquids & Gases - Cartoon animations are used to introduce each topic and may be used to revise previous topics before progressing to a new aspect of the subject. Practical activities to support pupil learning are presented as downloadable worksheets, with notes for teachers or as ideas for experiments and investigations.
  4. Solids, Liquids & Gases - a ThinkQuest entry
  5. Solids, liquids and gases - their molecular structure
  6. States of Matter - followed by a short quiz
  7. Solid, Liquid & Gas worksheet
  8. Solid, Liquid & Gas - slide show followed by an interactive quiz
  9. States of Matter - from Chem4Kids - links on the left relate to each of the physical states
(8)   The student knows that living organisms need food, water, light, air, a way to dispose of waste, and an environment in which to live.

(A)  observe and describe the habitats of organisms within an ecosystem

  1. Biomes of the World - The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. Each of these habitats has distinct life forms living in it.
  2. Habitats/Biomes - The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. Each of these habitats has distinct life forms living in it. (from Enchanted Learning)
  3. Habitats - an interactive game from the BBC Interactive
  4. Habitats/Biomes - The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. (from Enchanted Learning
  5. Interactive map of the various types of features on the Earth's surface Interactive
  6. Introduction to the Biosphere - Characteristics of the Earth's Terrestrial Biomes [being revised]
  7. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World - (from National Geographic) information and images for all 867 land-based ecoregions on the planet Interactive
(B)  observe and identify organisms with similar needs that compete with one another for resources such as oxygen, water, food, or space
  1. Animal Behaviour Flashcards - thirty-three animal cards in the eleven categories
  2. Experiment with a Pond Food Web - change various population sizes to see what affect the change has Interactive
  3. Food Chains - a slide show with places to stop and ask for responses from your students
  4. Food Chain - National Geographic for Kids has a featured Quick Flick from Brain Pop on the subject.
  5. Food Chains and Webs - Basic information regarding food webs is presented here. After learning about food webs, select the link named "create a possible food web" at the bottom of the page. Click and drag to create your own food web. Interactive
  6. Habitats - investigate food chains with this interactive site from the BBC Interactive
  7. Interdependence and Adaptation - an interactive site from the BBC which includes a food web activity Interactive
  8. Working on the Food Chain - an animated overview Interactive
(C)  describe environmental changes in which some organisms would thrive, become ill, or perish
(D)  describe how living organisms modify their physical environment to meet their needs such as beavers building a dam or humans building a home
(9)   The student knows that species have different adaptations that help them survive and reproduce in their environment.

(A)  observe and identify characteristics among species that allow each to survive and reproduce

(B)  analyze how adaptive characteristics help individuals within a species to survive and reproduce
(10)   The student knows that many likenesses between offspring and parents are inherited from the parents.

(A)  identify some inherited traits of plants

  1. Mixed Up Cells - [this link opens on a new page] identify and explain the differences and similarities between plant and animal organelles (Author - Julie Thompson) Interactive
(B)  identify some inherited traits of animals
(11)   The student knows that the natural world includes earth materials and objects in the sky.

(A)  identify and describe the importance of earth materials including rocks, soil, water, and gases of the atmosphere in the local area and classify them as renewable, nonrenewable, or inexhaustible resources

  1. Animation showing how coal (nonrenewable) forms
  2. Ask the Answer Worm! - It’s a dirty job but someone has to do it - S.K.Worm, the official annelid, or worm, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service answers students questions about soil.
  3. Classify Resources - Click on Resource ID in the yellow Activities box to take a quiz. Interactive
  4. Diagram Listing Energy Types - Caution: None of the links on this page work, but the diagram is really good.
  5. Dr. E's Energy Lab - explore variouys types of renewable energy
  6. Energy History - Did you know that fossil fuels started to form way before dinosaur times?
  7. Energy Kids - energy facts about various forms of renewable and nonrenewable energy sources
  8. National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  9. Natural Resources - Can We Use Them Forever?
  10. Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources – a quiz written by Kathy Tucker
  11. Renewable Energy and You - some things that everyone should know about renewable energy
  12. Renewable Energy Fact Sheets - there is a section of fact sheets for kids and one for adults
  13. Renewable Energy vs. Fossil Fuels - Suggestion: create a Pro and Con list for each energy source. That will give you a a way to compare the various energy resources.
  14. Renewable Energy Web Links - from the Texas Solar Energy Society (whose slogan is, “The Solution Comes Up Every Morning!”).
  15. Renewable Resources in Saskatchewan - a long set of web links to use with the topic
  16. Raw Materials Line-up - Can you pick out which items come from which raw materials? Look at the line-ups on the following screens and click on the suspect that fits the raw material description. Interactive
  17. Rock Cycle - includes link to each of the three types of rocks
  18. Sources of Energy - energy facts abour renewable and non-renewable energy sources
(B)  identify and record properties of soils such as color and texture, capacity to retain water, and ability to support the growth of plants
  1. Rocks and Soils - test a variety of rocks to determine their properties and then take a quiz Interactive
(C)  identify the planets in our solar system and their position in relation to the Sun
  1. An animation of a comet's passage through the solar system - Compared to the planets, most comets have highly elliptical orbits and widely varying orbital speeds. Comet Halley's next passage through the inner solar system will occur in the year 2061. Interactive
  2. Examine the vast distances between planets in the solar system - This animation simulates a voyage from the sun past all nine planets. In this animation, the apparent speed of the viewer is over 300 times the speed of light.
  3. Learning Planet Sizes - use the concepts of greater than, less than, and equals to classify student height, object size, and planet size (lesson plan consisting of six activities)
  4. Order it up - Measures of size and scale help us understand the magnitude of objects. Play with scales while trying to arrange planets by magnitude of mass, size, temperature, density, distance, gravity or magnetic field. Correctly order the planets and you unscramble a mystery picture! To play, click on the blue link; Play Order it Up: Solar System Edition Interactive
  5. Order of Planets - Put the planets of the solar system in order from nearest to the sun to the farthest from the sun (a matching quiz from Quia) Interactive
  6. Order of the Planets - in this Quia quiz you must number the planets in order from the sun. Interactive
  7. Our Solar System - a nice overview from KidsAstronomy
  8. Solar System Shuffle - At the bottom of this web page you will find a shuffled solar system deck of cards laid out for you. You will also find a description of each object in the deck. Your job is to match the card with the correct description. Interactive
  9. Space Sense - How much do you know about planets, galaxies and the universe? Play Space Sense and test your knowledge of space trivia. To play, click on the blue link; Space Sense for Kids: Easy, Medium or Hard Interactive
(D)  describe the characteristics of the Sun

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