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TN Physical Science Standards - 2008-2009 Implementation

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 Physical Science: Embedded Technology & Engineering Checks for Understanding Science Curriculum Standards 3202 - Physical Science Internet Resources Select appropriate tools to conduct a scientific inquiry. T/E.1 Apply the engineering design process to construct a prototype that meets developmentally appropriate specifications. T/E.2 Explore how the unintended consequences of new technologies can impact human and non-human communities. T/E.3 Present research on current engineering technologies that contribute to improvements in our daily lives. T/E.4 Design a series of multi-view drawings that can be used by other students to construct an adaptive design and test its effectiveness. T/E.5 State Performance Indicators Distinguish among tools and procedures best suited to conduct a specified scientific inquiry. SPI T/E.1 Evaluate a protocol to determine the degree to which an engineering design process was successfully applied. SPI T/E.2 Evaluate the overall benefit to cost ratio of a new technology. SPI T/E.3 Use design principles to determine if a new technology will improve the quality of life for an intended audience. SPI T/E.4

 Physical Science: Embedded Mathematics Checks for Understanding Science Curriculum Standards 3202 - Physical Science Internet Resources Use a variety of notations appropriately (e.g. exponential, functional, square root). Math.1 Select and apply an appropriate method (e.g., mental mathematics, paper and pencil, or technology) for computing with real numbers, and evaluate the reasonableness of results. Math.2 Apply and interpret rates of change from graphical and numerical data. Math.3 Analyze graphs to describe the behavior of functions. Math.4 Interpret results of algebraic procedures. Math.5 Model real-world phenomena using functions and graphs. Math.6 Articulate and apply algebraic properties in symbolic manipulation. Math.7 Apply geometric properties, formulas, and relationships to solve real-world problems. Math.8 Make decisions about units, scales, and measurement tools that are appropriate for problem situations involving measurement. Math.9 Collect, represent, and describe linear and nonlinear data sets developed from the real world. Math.10 Make predictions from a linear data set using a line of best fit. Math.11 1nterpret a data set using appropriate measures of central tendency. Math.12 Choose, construct, and analyze appropriate graphical representations for a data set. Math.13 State Performance Indicators Use real numbers to represent real-world applications (e.g., slope, rate of change, probability, and proportionality). SPI Math.1 Perform operations on algebraic expressions and informally justify the procedures chosen. SPI Math.2 Interpret graphs that depict real-world phenomena. SPI Math.3 Apply right triangle relationships including the Pythagorean Theorem and the distance formula. SPI Math.4 Use concepts of length, area, and volume to estimate and solve real-world problems. SPI Math.5 Demonstrate an understanding of rates and other derived and indirect measurements (e.g., velocity, miles per hour, revolutions per minute, cost per unit). SPI Math.6

 Physical Science : Standard 1 - Matter Checks for Understanding 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 1.10 | 1.11 | 1.12 | 1.13 | 1.14 | 1.15 | 1.16 | 1.17 | 1.18 | 1.19 | 1.20 | 1.21 | 1.22 | 1.23 | 1.24 | 1.25 | 1.26 | 1.27 | 1.28 Science Curriculum Standards 3202 - Physical Science Internet Resources Distinguish among solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas. 1.1 Describe and illustrate the physical differences among solids, liquids, and gases in terms of their mass, volume, density, shape, and particle arrangement. 1.2 Use appropriate units to measure or calculate the mass and volume ofsubstances. 1.3 Calculate the density of substances or objects. 1.4 Construct and interpret a density column. 1.5 Identify substances as homogeneous or heterogeneous mixtures. 1.6 Construct an experiment to separate the components of a mixture. 1.7 List the three major subatomic particles and distinguish among their location, charges, and relative masses. 1.8 Distinguish between atomic number and atomic mass. 1.9 Define an isotope and describe the use of common isotopes. 1.10 Identify the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom of an isotope based on its atomic number and atomic mass. 1.11 Know the chemical symbols for the common elements. 1.12 Use the periodic table to determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an isotope of an element. 1.13 Use the periodic table to identify the characteristics and properties of metals, non-metals, and metalloids. 1.14 Label a periodic table with oxidation numbers of main group elements, identify elements likely to form ions and use information to construct formulas for compounds. 1.15 Classify a substance as an element or compound based on its chemical formula or symbol. 1.16 Explain ionic and covalent bonding based on the oxidation numbers of the elements in a compound. 1.17 Investigate physical and chemical changes in a laboratory setting. 1.18 Balance simple chemical equations, identifying the reactants, products, and proper coefficients. 1.19 Predict the products of common chemical reactions. 1.20 Use models to represent chemical reactions as synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, and double-replacement. 1.21 Describe synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, and double-replacement reactions using equations. 1.22 Describe how chemical symbols and balanced chemical equations illustrate the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy. 1.23 Observe and measure temperature changes to distinguish between endothermic and exothermic reactions. 1.24 Conduct, analyze, and communicate the results of an experiment that demonstrates the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas. 1.25 Conduct, analyze, and communicate the results of an experiment that demonstrates the relationship between temperature and volume of a gas. 1.26 Apply indicators and instruments to classify a material as acidic, basic, or neutral. 1.27 Conduct research on issues associated with acid rain. 1.28 State Performance Indicators 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 1.10 | 1.11 | 1.12 | 1.13 | 1.14 | 1.15 | 1.16 | 1.17 | 1.18 Distinguish among states of matter in terms of energy, volume, shape, particle arrangement, and phase changes. SPI 1.1 Name, measure, and describe the physical properties of substances. SPI 1.2 Compare different types of mixtures. SPI 1.3 Distinguish between examples of common elements and compounds. SPI 1.4 Compare the properties of metals, metalloids, and nonmetals. SPI 1.5 Determine the composition of an atom and the characteristics of its subatomic particles. SPI 1.6 Explain the interrelationship between pressure, temperature, and volume of gases. SPI 1.7 Distinguish between physical and chemical changes in matter. SPI 1.8 Use information about an element’s position in the periodic table to determine the charge of its ions. SPI 1.9 Classify chemical bonds in a compound as ionic or covalent. SPI 1.10 Construct the chemical formula of a compound using the periodic table. SPI 1.11 Identify the reactants and products in a chemical equation, and balance equations using proper coefficients. SPI 1.12 Predict the products of common chemical reactions, given the reactants. SPI 1.13 Distinguish among synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion reactions. SPI 1.14 Explain the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy in terms of a balanced chemical equation. SPI 1.15 Distinguish between endothermic and exothermic reactions. SPI 1.16 Identify a substance as acidic, basic, or neutral based on its pH or response to an indicator or instrument. SPI 1.17 Recognize the effect of acid rain on the environment. SPI 1.18

 Physical Science : Standard 2 - Energy Checks for Understanding 2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.6 | 2.7 | 2.8 | 2.9 | 2.10 | 2.11 | 2.12 Science Curriculum Standards 3202 - Physical Science Internet Resources Investigate energy transfer through waves and particles. 2.1 Demonstrate how waves are produced and transmitted. 2.2 Investigate the characteristics of light energy and sound energy. 2.3 Compare and contrast the four types of wave interactions. 2.4 Explore heat as a form of energy that may be transferred between materials. 2.5 Identify the boiling and freezing points of water in the Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin temperature scales. 2.6 Design and conduct an activity to demonstrate the conservation of heat energy during temperature changes. 2.7 Investigate the relationships among kinetic, potential, and total energy within a closed system. 2.8 Solve problems related to voltage, resistance, and current in a series circuit. 2.9 Investigate Ohm’s law to design and build a simple circuit. 2.10 Research the importance of energy conservation. 2.11 Explore nuclear energy and its impact on science and society. 2.12 State Performance Indicators 2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.6 | 2.7 | 2.8 | 2.9 | 2.10 | 2.11 Classify waves as transverse or longitudinal. SPI 2.1 Distinguish between mechanical and electromagnetic waves. SPI 2.2 Distinguish between wavelength, frequency, and amplitude. SPI 2.3 Identify the boiling and freezing points of water using Celsius, Fahrenheit, or Kelvin scales. SPI 2.4 Compare and contrast sound and light waves. SPI 2.5 Distinguish among wave reflection, refraction, diffraction, and interference. SPI 2.6 Classify heat transfer as conduction, convection, or radiation. SPI 2.7 Identify a scenario that illustrates the Law of Conservation of Energy. SPI 2.8 Solve application problems related to voltage, resistance, and current in a series circuit (V=IR). SPI 2.9 Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. SPI 2.10 Solve problems regarding heat, mass, specific heat capacity, and temperature change (Q=mCΔT). SPI 2.11

 Physical Science : Standard 3 - Motion Checks for Understanding 3.1 | 3.2 | 3.3 | 3.4 | 3.5 | 3.6 | 3.7 Science Curriculum Standards 3202 - Physical Science Internet Resources Demonstrate the relationship between speed and velocity. 3.1 Create models that represent Newton’s three laws of motion. 3.2 Evaluate scenarios that illustrate Newton’s three laws of motion. 3.3 Investigate the Law of Conservation of Momentum. 3.4 Research the historical development of the laws of motion. 3.5 Collect data to construct, analyze, and interpret graphs for experiments that involve distance, speed, velocity, and time. 3.6 Solve problems related to velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power. 3.7 State Performance Indicators 3.1 | 3.2 | 3.3 | 3.4 | 3.5 | 3.6 Distinguish between speed and velocity. SPI 3.1 Relate inertia, force, or action-reaction forces to Newton’s three laws of motion. SPI 3.2 Distinguish among the concepts inherent in Newton’s three laws of motion. SPI 3.3 Interpret a position-time graph for velocity or a velocity-time graph for acceleration. SPI 3.4 Solve application problems related to velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power using appropriate units of measurement (v=d/t, a=Δv/t, F=ma, W=Fd, and P=W/t). SPI 3.5 Choose a correct representation of the Law of Conservation of Momentum. SPI 3.6

 Physical Science : Standard 4 - Forces In Nature Checks for Understanding 4.1 | 4.2 | 4.3 | 4.4 Science Curriculum Standards 3202 - Physical Science Internet Resources Demonstrate the effect of gravity on objects. 4.1 Explore the difference between mass and weight. 4.2 Design, demonstrate, and explain simple and compound machines. 4.3 Gather and analyze data and solve problems related to mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple machines. 4.4 State Performance Indicators 4.1 | 4.2 | 4.3 | 4.4 | 4.5 Distinguish between mass and weight using SI units. SPI 4.1 Identify the effects of gravitational force on a falling body or satellite. SPI 4.2 Identify various types of simple machines. SPI 4.3 Recognize the simple machines found in a compound machine. SPI 4.4 Solve application problems related to mechanical advantage and the efficiency of simple machines, given appropriate equations (MA=FO/FI and Eff=WO/WI). SPI 4.5

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