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TN Physical Science Standards - 2008-2009 Implementation
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High School Standards Index page

Physical Science: Embedded Inquiry
Checks for Understanding
Inq.1 | Inq.2 | Inq.3 | Inq.4 | Inq.5 | Inq.6 | Inq.7 | Inq.8

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources

Trace the historical development of a scientific principle or theory.

  1. About Darwin - dedicated to the life and times of Charles Darwin
  2. Development of Kepler's Laws - this Wikipedia article traces Kepler's work
  3. Evidence for the Big Bang - extremely long [55 pages if printed] well detailed background
  4. Galileo Project - hypertextual information about Galileo and the science of his time to viewers of all ages and levels of expertise
  5. Gregor Mendel: Planting the Seeds of Genetics - an exhibit from Chicago's Field Museum
  6. Historical Development of Chemistry - three case studies of significant chemical progress
  7. History of Science - Wikipedia article
  8. History of Science and Technology - a Wikipedia article including links
  9. History of Science Sourcebook - a subset of texts derived from three major online sourcebooks
  10. Isaac Newton - Wikipedia article tracing the development of Newton's laws
  11. Johannes Kepler - His Life, His Laws and Times
  12. Mendel's Experiment - an animation describes Gregor Mendel's experiment as presented in his Experiments in Plant Hybridization
  13. Modeling Mendel's Pea Experiment - lesson plan from Access Excellence
  14. Person of the Century: Albert Einstein - from Time’s 100
  15. Scientific Method - this Wikipedia article illustrates how scientific principles or theories are developed
  16. Voyage of the Beagle - index of trwenty-two chapters detailing the historic voyage of discovery
  17. When the Earth Moved - Copernicus and his Heliocentric System of the Universe
Conduct scientific investigations that include testable questions, verifiable hypotheses, and appropriate variables to explore new phenomena or verify the experimental results of others.
  1. Excite Education Curriculum Module - lesson plan about scientific method from CDC
  2. Experimenting, Testing, & Challenging the Hypothesis - the degree of challenge to your hypothesis will depend on the type of problem and its importance
  3. Falsifiability – [Wikipedia article] the logical possibility that an assertion can be shown false by an observation or a physical experiment
  4. General Procedures for All Experiments - general procedures for each experiment are briefly outlined - variations between experiments are noted
  5. How to Formulate a Hypothesis Using the Scientific Method - eight steps are outlined
  6. Introduction to the Scientific Method - An explanation on what the scientific method is and does. From Frank Wolfs, University of Rochester
  7. Reasoning in Science - Learning about the scientific method is almost like saying that you are learning how to learn [from Biology4Kids]
  8. Scientific Method - from Elmer's Soup-to-Nuts science fair site
  9. Scientific Method - includes a test of your powers of observation
  10. Scientific Method Lab - an interactive lab that teaches what the scientific method is, and how scientists and others follow this method
  11. Scientific Method Quiz - [this link opens on a new page]
  12. Solving Problems with the Scientific Method - posted by Study Guides and Strategies
  13. Steps of the Scientific Method - from a science fair project idea site
  14. Studying Cells - how the scientific method is applied in biology
  15. Writing Hypotheses: a student lesson - the purpose of this lesson is to learn when and how to write hypotheses
Select appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate quantitative and qualitative data.
Determine if data supports or contradicts a hypothesis or conclusion.
  1. Basic format of any hypothesis test - from Skills4Study
  2. Designing Science Experiments - from Crystal Clear Science Fair Projects
  3. Experiment - Wikipedia entry
  4. How to Use the Scientific Method to Test a Hypothesis - six steps are listed
  5. Hypothesis Test - from Cool Science
  6. Hypothesis test 1: an experiment on telepathy - used as an example of the process
  7. Hypothesis test 2: the shuffle test - using statistical analysis
  8. Practicing Scientific Processes - from Glencoe Science
  9. Statistical hypothesis testing - Wikipedia entry
  10. Test Your Hypothesis - from Lane Libraries Science Fair Zone
Compare or combine experimental evidence from two or more investigations.
Recognize, analyze, and evaluate alternative explanations for the same set of observations.
Analyze experimental results and identify possible sources of experimental error.
Formulate and revise scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence.
State Performance Indicators
SPI Inq.1 | SPI Inq.2 | SPI Inq.3 | SPI Inq.4 | SPI Inq.5 | SPI Inq.6 | SPI Inq.7 | SPI Inq.8
Select a description or scenario that reevaluates and/or extends a scientific finding.
SPI Inq.1
Analyze the components of a properly designed scientific investigation.
SPI Inq.2
Determine appropriate tools to gather precise and accurate data.
SPI Inq.3
Evaluate the accuracy and precision of data.
SPI Inq.4
Defend a conclusion based on scientific evidence.
SPI Inq.5
Determine why a conclusion is free of bias.
SPI Inq.6
Compare conclusions that offer different, but acceptable explanations for the same set of experimental data.
SPI Inq.7

Physical Science: Embedded Technology & Engineering
Checks for Understanding
T/E.1 | T/E.2 | T/E.3 | T/E.4 | T/E.5

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources
Select appropriate tools to conduct a scientific inquiry.
Apply the engineering design process to construct a prototype that meets developmentally appropriate specifications.
Explore how the unintended consequences of new technologies can impact human and non-human communities.
Present research on current engineering technologies that contribute to improvements in our daily lives.
Design a series of multi-view drawings that can be used by other students to construct an adaptive design and test its effectiveness.
State Performance Indicators
SPI T/E.1 | SPI T/E.2 | SPI T/E.3 | SPI T/E.4
Distinguish among tools and procedures best suited to conduct a specified scientific inquiry.
Evaluate a protocol to determine the degree to which an engineering design process was successfully applied.
Evaluate the overall benefit to cost ratio of a new technology.
Use design principles to determine if a new technology will improve the quality of life for an intended audience.

Physical Science: Embedded Mathematics
Checks for Understanding
Math.1 | Math.2 | Math.3 | Math.4 | Math.5 | Math.6 | Math.7 | Math.8 | Math.9 | Math.10 | Math.11 | Math.12 | Math.13

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources

Use a variety of notations appropriately (e.g. exponential, functional, square root).

Select and apply an appropriate method (e.g., mental mathematics, paper and pencil, or technology) for computing with real numbers, and evaluate the reasonableness of results.
Apply and interpret rates of change from graphical and numerical data.
Analyze graphs to describe the behavior of functions.
Interpret results of algebraic procedures.
Model real-world phenomena using functions and graphs.
Articulate and apply algebraic properties in symbolic manipulation.
Apply geometric properties, formulas, and relationships to solve real-world problems.
Make decisions about units, scales, and measurement tools that are appropriate for problem situations involving measurement.
Collect, represent, and describe linear and nonlinear data sets developed from the real world.
Make predictions from a linear data set using a line of best fit.
1nterpret a data set using appropriate measures of central tendency.
Choose, construct, and analyze appropriate graphical representations for a data set.
State Performance Indicators
SPI Math.1 | SPI Math.2 | SPI Math.3 | SPI Math.4 | SPI Math.5 | SPI Math.6
Use real numbers to represent real-world applications (e.g., slope, rate of change, probability, and proportionality).
SPI Math.1
Perform operations on algebraic expressions and informally justify the procedures chosen.
SPI Math.2
Interpret graphs that depict real-world phenomena.
SPI Math.3
Apply right triangle relationships including the Pythagorean Theorem and the distance formula.
SPI Math.4
Use concepts of length, area, and volume to estimate and solve real-world problems.
SPI Math.5
Demonstrate an understanding of rates and other derived and indirect measurements (e.g., velocity, miles per hour, revolutions per minute, cost per unit).
SPI Math.6

Physical Science : Standard 1 - Matter
Checks for Understanding
1.1 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 1.10 | 1.11 | 1.12 | 1.13 | 1.14 | 1.15 | 1.16 | 1.17 | 1.18 | 1.19 | 1.20 | 1.21 | 1.22 | 1.23 | 1.24 | 1.25 | 1.26 | 1.27 | 1.28

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources

Distinguish among solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas.

Describe and illustrate the physical differences among solids, liquids, and gases in terms of their mass, volume, density, shape, and particle arrangement.
Use appropriate units to measure or calculate the mass and volume ofsubstances.
Calculate the density of substances or objects.
Construct and interpret a density column.
Identify substances as homogeneous or heterogeneous mixtures.
Construct an experiment to separate the components of a mixture.
List the three major subatomic particles and distinguish among their location, charges, and relative masses.
Distinguish between atomic number and atomic mass.
Define an isotope and describe the use of common isotopes.
Identify the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom of an isotope based on its atomic number and atomic mass.
Know the chemical symbols for the common elements.
Use the periodic table to determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an isotope of an element.
Use the periodic table to identify the characteristics and properties of metals, non-metals, and metalloids.
Label a periodic table with oxidation numbers of main group elements, identify elements likely to form ions and use information to construct formulas for compounds.
Classify a substance as an element or compound based on its chemical formula or symbol.
Explain ionic and covalent bonding based on the oxidation numbers of the elements in a compound.
Investigate physical and chemical changes in a laboratory setting.
Balance simple chemical equations, identifying the reactants, products, and proper coefficients.
Predict the products of common chemical reactions.
Use models to represent chemical reactions as synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, and double-replacement.
Describe synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, and double-replacement reactions using equations.
Describe how chemical symbols and balanced chemical equations illustrate the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy.
Observe and measure temperature changes to distinguish between endothermic and exothermic reactions.
Conduct, analyze, and communicate the results of an experiment that demonstrates the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.
Conduct, analyze, and communicate the results of an experiment that demonstrates the relationship between temperature and volume of a gas.
Apply indicators and instruments to classify a material as acidic, basic, or neutral.
Conduct research on issues associated with acid rain.
State Performance Indicators
1.1 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 1.10 | 1.11 | 1.12 | 1.13 | 1.14 | 1.15 | 1.16 | 1.17 | 1.18

Distinguish among states of matter in terms of energy, volume, shape, particle arrangement, and phase changes.
SPI 1.1

Name, measure, and describe the physical properties of substances.
SPI 1.2
Compare different types of mixtures.
SPI 1.3
Distinguish between examples of common elements and compounds.
SPI 1.4
Compare the properties of metals, metalloids, and nonmetals.
SPI 1.5
Determine the composition of an atom and the characteristics of its subatomic particles.
SPI 1.6
Explain the interrelationship between pressure, temperature, and volume of gases.
SPI 1.7
Distinguish between physical and chemical changes in matter.
SPI 1.8
Use information about an element’s position in the periodic table to determine the charge of its ions.
SPI 1.9
Classify chemical bonds in a compound as ionic or covalent.
SPI 1.10
Construct the chemical formula of a compound using the periodic table.
SPI 1.11
Identify the reactants and products in a chemical equation, and balance equations using proper coefficients.
SPI 1.12
Predict the products of common chemical reactions, given the reactants.
SPI 1.13
Distinguish among synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion reactions.
SPI 1.14
Explain the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy in terms of a balanced chemical equation.
SPI 1.15
Distinguish between endothermic and exothermic reactions.
SPI 1.16
Identify a substance as acidic, basic, or neutral based on its pH or response to an indicator or instrument.
SPI 1.17
Recognize the effect of acid rain on the environment.
SPI 1.18

Physical Science : Standard 2 - Energy
Checks for Understanding
2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.6 | 2.7 | 2.8 | 2.9 | 2.10 | 2.11 | 2.12

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources

Investigate energy transfer through waves and particles.

Demonstrate how waves are produced and transmitted.
Investigate the characteristics of light energy and sound energy.
Compare and contrast the four types of wave interactions.
Explore heat as a form of energy that may be transferred between materials.
Identify the boiling and freezing points of water in the Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin temperature scales.
Design and conduct an activity to demonstrate the conservation of heat energy during temperature changes.
Investigate the relationships among kinetic, potential, and total energy within a closed system.
Solve problems related to voltage, resistance, and current in a series circuit.
Investigate Ohm’s law to design and build a simple circuit.
Research the importance of energy conservation.
Explore nuclear energy and its impact on science and society.
State Performance Indicators
2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.6 | 2.7 | 2.8 | 2.9 | 2.10 | 2.11

Classify waves as transverse or longitudinal.
SPI 2.1

Distinguish between mechanical and electromagnetic waves.
SPI 2.2
Distinguish between wavelength, frequency, and amplitude.
SPI 2.3
Identify the boiling and freezing points of water using Celsius, Fahrenheit, or Kelvin scales.
SPI 2.4
Compare and contrast sound and light waves.
SPI 2.5
Distinguish among wave reflection, refraction, diffraction, and interference.
SPI 2.6
Classify heat transfer as conduction, convection, or radiation.
SPI 2.7
Identify a scenario that illustrates the Law of Conservation of Energy.
SPI 2.8
Solve application problems related to voltage, resistance, and current in a series circuit (V=IR).
SPI 2.9
Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.
SPI 2.10
Solve problems regarding heat, mass, specific heat capacity, and temperature change (Q=mCΔT).
SPI 2.11

Physical Science : Standard 3 - Motion
Checks for Understanding
3.1 | 3.2 | 3.3 | 3.4 | 3.5 | 3.6 | 3.7

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources

Demonstrate the relationship between speed and velocity.

Create models that represent Newton’s three laws of motion.
Evaluate scenarios that illustrate Newton’s three laws of motion.
Investigate the Law of Conservation of Momentum.
Research the historical development of the laws of motion.
Collect data to construct, analyze, and interpret graphs for experiments that involve distance, speed, velocity, and time.
Solve problems related to velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power.
State Performance Indicators
3.1 | 3.2 | 3.3 | 3.4 | 3.5 | 3.6

Distinguish between speed and velocity.
SPI 3.1

Relate inertia, force, or action-reaction forces to Newton’s three laws of motion.
SPI 3.2
Distinguish among the concepts inherent in Newton’s three laws of motion.
SPI 3.3
Interpret a position-time graph for velocity or a velocity-time graph for acceleration.
SPI 3.4
Solve application problems related to velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power using appropriate units of measurement (v=d/t, a=Δv/t, F=ma, W=Fd, and P=W/t).
SPI 3.5
Choose a correct representation of the Law of Conservation of Momentum.
SPI 3.6

Physical Science : Standard 4 - Forces In Nature
Checks for Understanding
4.1 | 4.2 | 4.3 | 4.4

Science Curriculum Standards
3202 - Physical Science

Internet Resources

Demonstrate the effect of gravity on objects.

Explore the difference between mass and weight.
Design, demonstrate, and explain simple and compound machines.
Gather and analyze data and solve problems related to mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple machines.
State Performance Indicators
4.1 | 4.2 | 4.3 | 4.4 | 4.5

Distinguish between mass and weight using SI units.
SPI 4.1

Identify the effects of gravitational force on a falling body or satellite.
SPI 4.2
Identify various types of simple machines.
SPI 4.3
Recognize the simple machines found in a compound machine.
SPI 4.4
Solve application problems related to mechanical advantage and the efficiency of simple machines, given appropriate equations (MA=FO/FI and Eff=WO/WI).
SPI 4.5

Review Help

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