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Social Studies Knowledge & Skills - 5th Grade
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History | Geography | Economics | Government | Citizenship | Culture | Science, technology, and society | Social studies skills
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Page template last edited 4/11/2009

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History

(1)   The student understands the causes and effects of European colonization in the United States.

(A)  explain when, where, and why groups of people colonized and settled in the United States

 
(B)  describe the accomplishments of significant colonial leaders such as Anne Hutchinson, William Penn, John Smith, and Roger Williams
 

(2)   The student understands how conflict between the American colonies and Great Britain led to American independence.

(A)  identify the contributions of significant individuals during the revolutionary period, including Thomas Jefferson and George Washington

 
(B)  analyze the causes and effects of events prior to and during the American Revolution such as the Boston Tea Party
 
(C)  summarize the results of the American Revolution, including the establishment of the United States and the origins of U.S. military institutions
 

(3)   The student understands the events that led from the Articles of Confederation to the creation of the U.S. Constitution and the government it established.

(A)  identify the contributions of individuals including James Madison and Roger Sherman who helped create the U.S. Constitution

 
(B)  summarize the events that led to the creation of the U.S. Constitution
 

(4)   The student understands political, economic, and social changes that occurred in the United States during the 19th century.

(A)  identify changes in society resulting from the Industrial Revolution and explain how these changes led to conflict among sections of the United States

 
(B)  identify reasons people moved west
 
(C)  identify examples of U.S. territorial expansion
 
(D)  describe the causes and effects of the Civil War
 
(E)  explain the reasons for and rights provided by the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the U.S. Constitution
 
(F)  explain how industry and the mechanization of agriculture changed the American way of life
 
(G)  identify the challenges, opportunities, and contributions of people from selected Native-American and immigrant groups
 

(5)   The student understands important issues, events, and individuals of the 20th century in the United States.

(A)  analyze various issues and events of the 20th century such as urbanization, industrialization, increased use of oil and gas, world wars, and the Great Depression

 
(B)  identify the accomplishments of notable individuals such as Carrie Chapman Catt, Dwight Eisenhower, Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Colin Powell, and Franklin D. Roosevelt who have made contributions to society in the areas of civil rights, women's rights, military actions, and politics
 
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Geography

(6)   The student uses geographic tools to collect, analyze, and interpret data.

(A)  apply geographic tools, including grid systems, legends, symbols, scales, and compass roses, to construct and interpret maps

 

(B)  translate geographic data into a variety of formats such as raw data to graphs and maps

 

(7)   The student understands the concept of regions.

(A)  describe a variety of regions in the United States such as political, population, and economic regions that result from patterns of human activity

 

(B)  describe a variety of regions in the United States such as landform, climate, and vegetation regions that result from physical characteristics

 

(C)  locate the fifty states on a map and identify regions such as New England and the Great Plains made up of various groups of states

 

(8)   The student understands the location and patterns of settlement and the geographic factors that influence where people live.

(A)  identify and describe the types of settlement and patterns of land use in the United States

 

(B)  describe clusters of settlement in the United States and explain their distribution

 

(C)  analyze the location of cities in the United States, including capital cities, and explain their distribution, past and present

 

(D)  explain the geographic factors that influence patterns of settlement and the distribution of population in the United States, past and present

 

(9)   The student understands how people adapt to and modify their environment.

(A)  describe ways people have adapted to and modified their environment in the United States, past and present

 

(B)  identify reasons why people have adapted to and modified their environment in the United States, past and present, such as the use of human resources to meet basic needs

 

(C)  analyze the consequences of human modification of the environment in the United States, past and present

 

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Economics

(10)   The student understands the basic economic patterns of early societies in the United States.

(A)  explain the economic patterns of various early Native-American groups in the United States

 

(B)  explain the economic patterns of early European colonists

 

(11)   The student understands the reasons for exploration and colonization.

(A)  identify the economic motivations for European exploration and settlement in the United States

 

(B)  identify major industries of colonial America

 

(12)   The student understands the characteristics and benefits of the free enterprise system in the United States.

(A)  describe the development of the free enterprise system in colonial America and the United States

 

(B)  describe how the free enterprise system works in the United States

 

(C)  give examples of the benefits of the free enterprise system in the United States

 

(13)   The student understands the impact of supply and demand on consumers and producers in a free enterprise system.

(A)  explain how supply and demand affects consumers in the United States

 

(B)  evaluate the effects of supply and demand on business, industry, and agriculture, including the plantation system, in the United States

 

(14)   The student understands patterns of work and economic activities in the United States.

(A)  analyze how people in different parts of the United States earn a living, past and present

 

(B)  identify and explain how geographic factors have influenced the location of economic activities in the United States

 

(C)  analyze the effects of immigration, migration, and limited resources on the economic development and growth of the United States

 

(D)  describe the impact of mass production, specialization, and division of labor on the economic growth of the United States

 

(E)  analyze how developments in transportation and communication have influenced economic activities in the United States

 

(F)  explain the impact of American ideas about progress and equality of opportunity on the economic development and growth of the United States

 

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Government

(15)   The student understands how people organized governments in colonial America.

(A)  compare the systems of government of early European colonists

 

(B)  identify examples of representative government in the American colonies, including the Mayflower Compact and the Virginia House of Burgesses

 

(16)   The student understands important ideas in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.

(A)  identify the purposes and explain the importance of the Declaration of Independence

 

(B)  explain the purposes of the U.S. Constitution as identified in the Preamble to the Constitution

 

(17)   The student understands the framework of government created by the U.S. Constitution.

(A)  identify and explain the basic functions of the three branches of government

 

(B)  identify the reasons for and describe the system of checks and balances outlined in the U.S. Constitution

 

(C)  distinguish between national and state governments and compare their responsibilities in the U.S. federal system

 

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Citizenship

(18)   The student understands important customs, symbols, and celebrations that represent American beliefs and principles and contribute to our national identity.

(A)  explain selected patriotic symbols and landmarks such as the Statue of Liberty and the White House and political symbols such as the donkey and elephant

 
(B)  sing or recite The Star-Spangled Banner and explain its history
 
(C)  recite and explain the meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance
 
(D)  describe the origins and significance of national celebrations such as Memorial Day, Labor Day, and Columbus Day
 

(19)   The student understands the importance of individual participation in the democratic process.

(A)  explain how individuals can participate in civic affairs and political parties at the national level

 
(B)  analyze the role of the individual in national elections
 
(C)  identify significant individuals such as César Chávez and Benjamin Franklin who modeled active participation in the democratic process
 
(D)  explain how to contact elected and appointed leaders in the national governments
 

(20)   The student understands the importance of effective leadership in a democratic society.

(A)  identify leaders in the national governments, including the president and selected members of Congress, and their political parties

 
(B)  identify and compare leadership qualities of national leaders, past and present
 

(21)   The student understands the fundamental rights of American citizens guaranteed in the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

(A)  summarize the reasons for the creation of the Bill of Rights

 
(B)  describe important individual rights including freedom of religion, speech, and press and the right to assemble and petition the government
 
(C)  describe important due process rights including trial by jury and the right to an attorney
 
(D)  summarize selected amendments to the U.S. Constitution such as those that extended voting rights of U.S. citizens
 
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Culture

(22)   The student understands the relationship between the arts and the times during which they were created.

(A)  identify significant examples of art, music, and literature from various periods in U.S. history

 

(B)  explain how examples of art, music, and literature reflect the times during which they were created

 

(23)   The student understands the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, and religious groups to the United States.

(A)  identify the similarities and differences within and among selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups in the United States

 

(B)  describe customs, celebrations, and traditions of selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups in the United States

 

(C)  summarize the contributions of people of selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups to our national identity

 

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Science, Technology and Society
(24)   The student understands the impact of science and technology on life in the United States.

(A)  describe the contributions of famous inventors and scientists such as Neil Armstrong, John J. Audubon, Benjamin Banneker, Clarence Birdseye, George Washington Carver, Thomas Edison, and Carl Sagan

 
(B)  identify how scientific discoveries and technological innovations such as the transcontinental railroad, the discovery of oil, and the rapid growth of technology industries have advanced the economic development of the United States
 
(C)  explain how scientific discoveries and technological innovations in the fields of medicine, communication, and transportation have benefited individuals and society in the United States
 
(D)  analyze environmental changes brought about by scientific discoveries and technological innovations such as air conditioning and fertilizers
 
(E)  predict how future scientific discoveries and technological innovations could affect life in the United States

 

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Social Studies Skills

(25)   The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of sources including electronic technology.

(A)  differentiate between, locate, and use primary and secondary sources such as computer software; interviews; biographies; oral, print, and visual material artifacts to acquire information about the United States and Texas

 

(B)  analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions

 

(C)  organize and interpret information in outlines, reports, databases, and visuals including graphs, charts, timelines, and maps

 

(D)  identify different points of view about an issue or topic

 

(E)  identify the elements of frame of reference that influenced the participants in an event

 

(F)  use appropriate mathematical skills to interpret social studies information such as maps and graphs

 

(26)   The student communicates in written, oral, and visual forms.

(A)  use social studies terminology correctly

 

(B)  incorporate main and supporting ideas in verbal and written communication

 

(C)  express ideas orally based on research and experiences

 

(D)  create written and visual material such as journal entries, reports, graphic organizers, outlines, and bibliographies

 

(E)  use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure, and punctuation.

 

(27)   The student uses problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and with others, in a variety of settings.

(A)  use a problem-solving process to identify a problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and evaluate the effectiveness of the solution

 

(B)  use a decision-making process to identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, identify options, predict consequences, and take action to implement a decision

 


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