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Standards listed on this page are from Texas Science Knowledge & Skills - 5th Grade
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Scientific Processes | Science Concepts
Return to Grade Level Skills - For other resources, refer to our Elementary Science page
Page last edited 4/11/2009
A resource for the teacher to use in planning their lessons a site for teachers | A PowerPoint show related to this standard a PowerPoint show | An Adobe Acrobat document in .pdf format Adobe Acrobat document | A Microsoft Word document to be downloaded a Word document
This resource includes voice instructions for students sound | A video is available through this link video format
| Interactive interactive lesson | This site includes questions for your students to check their understanding a quiz | A lesson plan can be found at this site lesson plan | This link includes something for the teacher to print to print

Scientific Processes
(Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills)
Internet Resources
(1)   The student conducts field and laboratory investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices.

(A)  demonstrate safe practices during field and laboratory investigations

  1. Create A Safe, Efficient, Inquiry-Based Science Classroom - a 23 slide show written for teachers
  2. Practicing Safe Science in the Classroom: The Eyes Have It - page 4 includes instructions for a simulated "acid in the eye" accident This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  3. Safe Science - recommendations to parents, but they make sense for classroom teachers also
  4. Science Safety Manual - a publication for Maryland Public Schools
(B)  make wise choices in the use and conservation of resources and the disposal or recycling of materials
  1. Characteristics of Materials - test a variety of materials to determine their properties and then go to a workshop to decide how each could best be used Interactive
  2. Dr. E's Energy Lab - explore various types of renewable energy
  3. Environmental Kids Page - from the Environmental Protection Agency
    1. Visit Recycle City (formerly known as Dumptown)
  4. Hog Busters Training Camp - learn how to defeat Energy Hogs and become an official Hog Buster Interactive
  5. How bad is the air you breathe? Learn how the air becomes dirty. (a quiz is included) Interactive
  6. Learn about pesticides. Are they good? What are they used for? (a quiz is included) Interactive
  7. Make Waves: How Kids Can Protect the Earth, One Ripple at a Time - from the NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council)
  8. Recycling - from the Energy Kid's page
  9. Sources of Energy - energy facts about renewable and non-renewable energy sources
  10. Take a test about how you use water! Twenty five questions that will help you be a better user of water. Interactive
  11. The Green Squad: Kids Taking Action for Greener, Healthier Schools - take a tour of a school and spot various problem areas, then go to the library for many fact sheets Interactive
  12. What is a hazardous waste? How does garbage effect you? (a quiz is included) Interactive
  13. What's Wrong With This Picture?!? - [this link opens in a new page] Click on the spots where you think someone is doing something wrong for a surprise. Interactive
(2)   The student uses scientific methods during field and laboratory investigations.

(A)  plan and implement descriptive and simple experimental investigations including asking well-defined questions, formulating testable hypotheses, and selecting and using equipment and technology

  1. Collecting and Analyzing Safety Data - a 75 minute lab with an excellent table on page 22 listing the five leading causes of death, broken down by age range This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  2. Forces in Action - change track gradient and truck load as you collect data and come to a conclusion Interactive
  3. Formatting Hypotheses - information to help your students get a handle on this process skill
  4. How We See Things - Think through the assignment given, using a variety of mirrors to complete the task. Interactive
  5. Labs With Hypotheses - three sample labs
  6. Linking Conclusions to Hypotheses - examples from a biology lab
  7. Reasoning in Science - a basic introduction to the scientific method from Biology4Kids
  8. Sample Hypotheses (dependent and independent variables identified)
    1. Biology
    2. Earth & Physical Science
  9. Test Your Hypothesis - Read Jenna's Diary in this exceprt from the science fair toolkit to see an example of designing an experiment with a testable hypothesis.
  10. Towel Testing - the purpose of this lab is to practice the skills used to design experiments This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  11. Writing Hypotheses - a student lesson
(B)  collect information by observing and measuring
  1. Calculate the density of two blocks and then identify the material that the blocks are made of
  2. Changing Circuits - test a variety of materials to determine which best completes the circuit Interactive
  3. Create a New Hawaiian Island - read the page then click on the link at the bottom of the page to experiment with these local effects on climate by creating a new Hawaiian island! Interactive
  4. Density Challenge Interactive
  5. Leap Frog - [this link opens on a new page] Students design an experiment to answer a question, collect information, and interpret the results using charts. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant) Interactive
  6. Mass vs. Weight Quiz
  7. Mass Volume Density Quiz (Level 1)
  8. Mass Volume Density Quiz (level 2)
  9. Reversable and Irreversable Changes - experiment with a variety of substances and conditions to determine which changes can or can not be reversed, and then take a quiz Interactive
  10. Volume, Mass and Density - a supplementary activity for students Interactive
(C)  analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct and indirect evidence
  1. Experiment with a Pond Food Web - change various population sizes to see what affect the change produces Interactive
(D)  communicate valid conclusions
 
(E)  construct simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using tools including computers to organize, examine, and evaluate information
  1. All The Parts - (3-5) [this link opens on a new page]Students learn the parts of a graph. (Author - Sandi King)
  2. Bar Graph - Enter data to create a bar graph, then manipulate the graph's maximum and minimum values
  3. Circle Graph - Enter data categories and the value of each category to create a circle graph (similar to "Pie Chart" but the user can define the data set)
  4. Create-a-Graph - lessons and activities on a variety of graphs Interactive
  5. Data Picking - students collect data, enter tally marks or numbers and then select which graph is appropriate Interactive
  6. The Hot Tub - This is a fun activity where students tell the story behind a graph and relate slope to rate of change.
  7. How It All Stacks Up - [this link opens on a new page] Students interpret and compare information using a bar graph. (Author - Sandi King)
  8. Interpreting Column Graphs - students practice by answering ten questions about the graph
  9. Overview of a Bar Graph by Nicole Carroll followed by a practice quiz
  10. Overview of a Line Graph by Nicole Carroll followed by a practice quiz
  11. Play Ball - [this link opens on a new page] Students collect data to put on a picture graph. (Author - Sandi King)
  12. Pie Chart - Students view pie charts (parameters: number of sectors, size of sector as a percent) Interactive
  13. Reading a Column Graph - five questions related to a graph (good real-world activity)
  14. Spy Guys Interactive - Understanding and Interpreting Graphs - Click Skip Intro, then select Lessons, and then click on Lesson 10
(3)   The student uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions.

(A)  analyze, review, and critique scientific explanations, including hypotheses and theories, as to their strengths and weaknesses using scientific evidence and information

  1. Energy Fair: Scientific Method - A guide to teaching students the scientific method using the experimental design model with an emphasis on energy science fair projects This is an Adobe Acrobat document
(B)  draw inferences based on information related to promotional materials for products and services
 
(C)  represent the natural world using models and identify their limitations
  1. Create a New Hawaiian Island - read the page then click on the link at the bottom of the page to experiment with these local effects on climate by creating a new Hawaiian island! Interactive
(D)  evaluate the impact of research on scientific thought, society, and the environment
 
(E)  connect Grade 5 science concepts with the history of science and contributions of scientists
 
(4)   The student knows how to use a variety of tools and methods to conduct science inquiry.

(A)  collect and analyze information using tools including calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, thermometers, compasses, balances, hot plates, meter sticks, timing devices, magnets, collecting nets, and safety goggles

  1. Identify Laboratory Devices - Look at the line-ups on the game screens and click on the laboratory device that fits the description. Interactive
  2. Leap Frog - [this link opens on a new page] Students design an experiment to answer a question, collect information, and interpret the results using charts. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant) Interactive
(B)  demonstrate that repeated investigations may increase the reliability of results
  1. Chances - a dice game that allows you to see how increasing or decreasing the number of dice rolls effects an outcome Interactive
  2. Coin Flipping Page - repeat an experiment with larger number of coin flips to test this skill Interactive
  3. Heads I Win - (3-5) [this link opens on a new page] Students predict the likelihood of tossing heads or tails and graphs the results of coin tosses. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant)
  4. Lions and Tigers - [this link opens on a new page] Students predict the likelihood of a simple event (rolling a die) as a fraction. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant)
  5. Pin The Tail - [this link opens on a new page] Students use probability to predict and conduct experiments to test predictions. (Author - Michaél Dunnivant)
  6. Why Can't I Win? - [this link opens on a new page] Students use a spinner to predict the likelihood of simple events occurring. (Author - Sandi King)
  7. What Are My Chances - [this link opens on a new page] Students explore probability and ratios. (Author - Sandi King)

Science Concepts
(5)   The student knows that a system is a collection of cycles, structures, and processes that interact.

(A)  describe some cycles, structures, and processes that are found in a simple system

  1. The Edible Schoolyard - description of a way to reinforce cycles, structures and systems found in a simple system
(B)  describe some interactions that occur in a simple system
 
(6)   The student knows that some change occurs in cycles.

(A)  identify events and describe changes that occur on a regular basis such as in daily, weekly, lunar, and seasonal cycles

 
(B)  identify the significance of the water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles
  1. The Carbon Cycle
  2. Diagram of the Carbon Dioxide Oxygen cycle
(C)  describe and compare life cycles of plants and animals
  1. WebQuest on Animal Life Cycles
  2. Salmon Life Cycle - (from Enchanted Learning)
  3. Monarch Butterfly Life Cycle - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  4. Mealworm/Darkling Beetle Life Cycle - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  5. Label the Life Cycle of the Mealworm/Darkling Beetle Diagram - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  6. Painted Lady Butterfly Life Cycle - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  7. Painted Lady Butterfly Life Cycle Sequencing Cards - Print the page, then cut the cards out. The student then puts the cards in order. (from Enchanted Learning)
  8. Frog Life Cycle - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  9. Frog Life Cycle Quiz - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  10. The butterfly's life cycle - an interesting project
  11. Ant Life Cycle - coloring page from Enchanted Learning
  12. Ant Life Cycle Sequencing Cards - Print the page, then cut the cards out. The student then puts the cards in order. (from Enchanted Learning)
  13. Animal Life Cycle Printables (caution, some are for Enchanted Learning members only)
(7)   The student knows that matter has physical properties.

(A)  classify matter based on its physical properties including magnetism, physical state, and the ability to conduct or insulate heat, electricity, and sound

  1. Field lines round a magnet from BBC physics
  2. Keeping Warm - investigate how well various materials insulate Interactive
  3. Magnetic Field of a Bar Magnet - The magnetic field of a bar magnet can be investigated with this compass needle applet. Interactive
(B)  demonstrate that some mixtures maintain the physical properties of their ingredients

 

(C)  identify changes that can occur in the physical properties of the ingredients of solutions such as dissolving sugar in water
  1. Change of State & Latent Heat Quiz - in the format of a "Thrillionaire" Game
    1. Change of State Quiz - same quiz, but in a multiple choice format
  2. Chem4Kids Quiz on States of Matter [caution, some are tricky]
(D)  observe and measure characteristic properties of substances that remain constant such as boiling points and melting points
  1. Boil Water with Shockwave - Run an experiment, changing the water amount, the starting water temperature, and the heating power. Enter how long you think it will take to boil the water. The accuracy of your guess, as a percentage of the actual time, will be displayed
(8)   The student knows that energy occurs in many forms.

(A)  differentiate among forms of energy including light, heat, electrical, and solar energy

  1. Dr. E's Energy Lab - explore various types of renewable energy
  2. Sources of Energy - energy facts about renewable and non-renewable energy sources
(B)  identify and demonstrate everyday examples of how light is reflected, such as from tinted windows, and refracted, such as in cameras, telescopes, and eyeglasses
  1. The anatomy of a lens
    1. Refraction by Lenses
    2. Image Formation Revisited
    3. Ray Diagrams (converging lenses)
    4. Object-Image Relations
    5. Ray Diagrams (diverging lenses)
    6. Object-Image Relations
    7. The Mathematics of Lenses
  2. An index of ray optics animations from the Physics Classroom
  3. Image Formation in Plane Mirrors - a set of pages with great illustrations, animations, and several quizzes
  4. Image Formation by Lenses - a set of pages with great illustrations, and several quizzes
  5. Light Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission - from a chapter on Color and Vision
  6. Lens Experiment - Java Applet allows students to change lens position Interactive
  7. Thick Lens java applet which allows your students to manipulate the variables Interactive
(C)  demonstrate that electricity can flow in a circuit and can produce heat, light, sound, and magnetic effects
  1. Series and Parallel circuits illustrated by BBC Physics
  2. Circuits and Conductors - an interactive site from the BBC Interactive
  3. Electricity and Magnetism - the basics of circuits Interactive
  4. Investigate a complete circuit at BBC Interactive
(D)  verify that vibrating an object can produce sound
  1. Sound - A short interactive lesson from the BBC Interactive
  2. Sound in the Science Lab - Select Sound in the list of labs. The illustration is animated and shows how clapping hands make sound. Next, click on Exploring Pitch and Volume near the top of the sound window. Strike the glasses hard and then gently and observe the difference. Now look at the sound waves as you strike different glasses. Click on the book in the bottom left corner to read about sound. Interactive
(9)   The student knows that adaptations may increase the survival of members of a species.

(A)  compare the adaptive characteristics of species that improve their ability to survive and reproduce in an ecosystem

 
(B)  analyze and describe adaptive characteristics that result in an organism's unique niche in an ecosystem
  1. Dinosaur Habitat and Community - a BBC presentation about these very adaptable animals
  2. Polar Bears' Adaptations - a neat concept map made by Logan, a first grade student
  3. Physical Adaptation - We can see some of the results of physical adaptation by comparing the skeletons of different animals.
  4. Flamingos - Adaptations for Their Environment
  5. Animal Adaptation E-Safaris - meet some interesting animals to explore how they are adapted to their environments
  6. Plant Adaptations in Arid Environments - The plants that grow in the arid eastern region near the Columbia River and the Columbia Basin have a number of traits which help them to be successful in the desert.
  7. How Cactus survive in the desert
(C)  predict some adaptive characteristics required for survival and reproduction by an organism in an ecosystem
  1. Understanding specialized structure and variation - a lesson to help students describe how some characteristics could give a species a survival advantage in a particular environment
(10)  The student knows that likenesses between offspring and parents can be inherited or learned.

(A)  identify traits that are inherited from parent to offspring in plants and animals

  1. Examples of Inherited Traits - good pictoral examples This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  2. Family Traits Worksheet - for use with a student project This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  3. Genetics: Inherited traits - a lesson plan
  4. The Gene Machine - answer questions about your traits and get a breakdown on your genes Interactive
  5. Inherited Traits - a lesson plan (designed for 6th grade) involving interview skills and use of MS Excel
  6. Inherited Traits Handout - to use with a class project This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  7. Inherited Traits Worksheet - scaffolding to assist with a student project
(B)  give examples of learned characteristics that result from the influence of the environment
  1. Hey, where did you get that from? - inherited vs acquired traits
  2. Lamarkism - a Wikipedia entry about a once widely accepted idea that an organism can pass on characteristics that it acquired during its lifetime
  3. That's Me! - A Guide to Personality - this is a ThinkQuest entry on the subject of acquired characteristics
(11)   The student knows that certain past events affect present and future events.

(A)  identify and observe actions that require time for changes to be measurable, including growth, erosion, dissolving, weathering, and flow

  1. Weathering and Erosion Lesson Plan - Students will complete a variety of activities that demonstrate how weathering and erosion change Earth’s surface
(B)  draw conclusions about "what happened before" using data such as from tree-growth rings and sedimentary rock sequences
  1. Amber in Nature - Look at pieces of amber to find out what is captured inside and what clues it provides about the ancient ecosystem.
  2. Dinosaur Habitat and Community - a BBC presentation about these very adaptable animals
  3. Fantastic Fossil Finds
  4. Fossils - Clues to the Past - Fossils provide clues to what life was like in ancient times.
  5. Geology of the Grand Canyon - The ultimate display of rock layers
  6. How fossils can form - This animation shows the formation of a cast and mold, one way that fossils can form. Casts are copies of fossilized plants or animals. Molds are hollow impressions of the fossil. This process takes thousands or millions of years.
  7. Life Has a History - an educational module sponsored by the National Science Foundation (select level 2 for 5-8)
  8. Recreating extinct animals from fossil evidence is like completing a giant jigsaw puzzle, but without all the pieces. Interactive
  9. Who's On First? - A Relative Dating Activity
(C)  identify past events that led to the formation of the Earth's renewable, non-renewable, and inexhaustible resources
  1. Animation showing how coal forms (a nonrenewable source of energy)
  2. Dr. E's Energy Lab - explore various types of renewable energy
  3. Energy History - Did you know that fossil fuels started to form way before dinosaur times?
  4. Sources of Energy - energy facts about renewable and non-renewable energy sources
  5. other links on this topic can be found in 12 b
(12)   The student knows that the natural world includes earth materials and objects in the sky.

(A)  interpret how land forms are the result of a combination of constructive and destructive forces such as deposition of sediment and weathering

  1. How Sediments are Deposited - This animation shows a side view of an area where a river flows into a lake. Interactive
  2. Interactive Rock Cycle Animation - a cutaway view of Earth showing where some common rock-forming processes occur. Embedded animations will illustrate the path of a rock moving through the rock cycle. Interactive
(B)  describe processes responsible for the formation of coal, oil, gas, and minerals
  1. Animation showing how coal (a nonrenewable source of energy) forms
  2. Coal Formation - a lesson plan from the American Coal Foundation
  3. Coal Formation - understanding energy from Palnete-energy (click the button to see an animation)
  4. Fossil Fuels - Coal, Oil and Natural Gas - chapter 8 of The Energy Story
  5. How Coal is Formed - a page from an electronic field trip to a coal mine
  6. How Did Coal-Bearing Rocks Form? - includes a really good illustration from the Kentucky Geological Survey
  7. How is Coal Formed - includes a really good illustration from the Kentucky Geological Survey
  8. What is Coal and How is it Formed? - this explanation is accompanied by a really great illustration
  9. Where Does Coal Come From? - a lesson plan This is an Adobe Acrobat document
(C)  identify the physical characteristics of the Earth and compare them to the physical characteristics of the moon
  1. Astronomy - Rotation & Revolution - a Quia quiz
  2. Earth and Moon - from StarDate online
  3. Earth, Sun and Moon - experiment with several variables to gain understanding of the movement of Earth and moon Interactive
  4. How the Earth and Moon Compare - flashcards from Quia
  5. Moon Fact Sheet - Earth Moon comparison from NASA

(D)  identify gravity as the force that keeps planets in orbit around the Sun and the moon in orbit around the Earth

  1. Gravity in the Science Lab - Select Gravity in the list of labs. The illustration is shows the effect of changing distance from the earth's center. Next, click on Solar System Weight Guide near the top of the gravity window. Enter your weight and see how much you would weigh on other planets. Click on the book in the bottom left corner to read about gravity. Interactive
  2. Forces and Motion - gravity from the BBC
  3. Universal Gravitation - The Apple, the Moon, and the Inverse Square Law Interactive
  4. Universal Gravitation - Gravity is More Than a Name
  5. Universal Gravitation - Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

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